International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
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Article Number - 8D3E82155907


Vol.10(2), pp. 31-35 , February 2018
https://doi.org/10.5897/IJMMS2017.1342
ISSN: 2006-9723


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Full Length Research Paper

Profile and management of community acquired pneumonia in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi



Maqsood A. Khan
  • Maqsood A. Khan
  • Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University, Karachi Sindh, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Zeb-un-nisa
  • Zeb-un-nisa
  • Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University, Karachi Sindh, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Syed I. Ali
  • Syed I. Ali
  • Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University, Karachi Sindh, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Sadia S. Kashif
  • Sadia S. Kashif
  • Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University, Karachi Sindh, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Farya Zafar
  • Farya Zafar
  • Department of Pharmaceutics, University Of Karachi Sindh, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Huma Ali
  • Huma Ali
  • Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi Sindh, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Rasheeda Fatima
  • Rasheeda Fatima
  • Department of Pharmacy Practice, Ziauddin University, Karachi Sindh, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Hafsa Sohail
  • Hafsa Sohail
  • Department of Pharmacy Practice, Ziauddin University, Karachi Sindh, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Sarwat Jahan
  • Sarwat Jahan
  • Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University, Karachi Sindh, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 30 October 2017  Accepted: 18 December 2017  Published: 28 February 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The objective of this study was to assess the demographic profile, severity of patient, co morbidity, length of stay (LOS) and management of community acquired pneumonia. The study was a prospective study and consist of 212 patients (>20 years of age) with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) hospitalized to the tertiary care hospital, situated in Karachi between 1st January, 2010 and 31st March, 2012. Information related to demography and socioeconomic condition (gender, age, education, occupation and household income) and clinical details includes, evaluating severity using pneumonia severity index (PSI) score, laboratory finding, initial antibiotics prescribed, and hospital stay were composed. Demographic, socioeconomic and clinical variables were analyzed using descriptive statistics which is presented as percentage, frequencies, range and means. 116 (54.7%) patients had less severe pneumonia; 60 (28.3%) patients had moderately severe CAP and 36 (16.98%) patients had severe pneumonia. Commonly prescribed monotherapy of antibiotics initially on hospitalization were intravenous ceftriaxone 36 (16.98%). We recommend prospective multicenter setting studies to analyze the prevalence and burden of CAP in Pakistan. Improved assessment and proper utilization of guidelines is mandatory in the management of patients admitted with CAP.

Key words: Community acquired pneumonia (CAP), length of stay (LOS), antibiotic and pneumonia severity index (PSI).

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APA Khan, M. A., Zeb-un-nisa, Ali, S. I., Kashif, S. S., Zafar, F., Ali, H., Fatima, R., Sohail, H., & Jahan, S. (2018). Profile and management of community acquired pneumonia in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi. International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 10(2), 31-35.
Chicago Maqsood A. Khan, Zeb-un-nisa, Syed I. Ali, SadiaS. Kashif, Farya Zafar, Huma Ali, Rasheeda Fatima, Hafsa Sohail and Sarwat Jahan. "Profile and management of community acquired pneumonia in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi." International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 10, no. 2 (2018): 31-35.
MLA Maqsood A. Khan, et al. "Profile and management of community acquired pneumonia in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi." International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 10.2 (2018): 31-35.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/IJMMS2017.1342
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJMMS/article-abstract/8D3E82155907

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