International Journal of
Nutrition and Metabolism

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nutr. Metab.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2332
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 112

Full Length Research Paper

Dietary intake and factors affecting food service of male prisoners living with human immunodeficiency virus at selected prisons in Kenya

Kavithe K. Rachel
  • Kavithe K. Rachel
  • Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, Kenyatta University, P. O. Box 43844 00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
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Dorcus Mbithe D. Kigaru
  • Dorcus Mbithe D. Kigaru
  • Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, Kenyatta University, P. O. Box 43844 00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Maoga W. Nyamota
  • Maoga W. Nyamota
  • Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, Kenyatta University, P. O. Box 43844 00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 15 December 2017
  •  Accepted: 14 February 2018
  •  Published: 28 February 2018

Abstract

Adequate dietary intake is important in achieving optimal nutrition and health for people before and during treatment of HIV. Inadequate nutrition causes health issues and fatalities among prisoners. Thus, this study assesses dietary intake and factors affecting food service among male prisoners living with HIV at selected prisons in Kenya. A cross sectional analytical study design was adopted on a sample of 113 male prisoners living with HIV, randomly sampled from 4 prisons. Data collection tools included a structured questionnaire used to collect demographic, 24 h recall and food frequency data. During data analysis, 24 h recall data was analyzed using Nutri-survey software, and further analysis via SPSS software. Results revealed that slightly more than half the prisoners (50.4%) were aged 36-53 years. Primary education was attained by 60.2% and secondary education by 21.2%. Mean dietary intake for macronutrients was: Energy (1815±218 Kcal), Protein (56±12 g), fat (32±6 g), Carbohydrates (322±45 g), Fiber (41±23 g) and PUFA (8±1 g). None attained Recommended Daily Allowances (RDA) for energy, fat and PUFAs. Mean key micronutrients were: Vitamin A (1195.1±812.7), Vitamin B6 (1.9±0.9), Vitamin C (55.7±18.4), Iron (10.2±2.7), Magnesium (488.1±152.3) and Zinc (13.9±6.7). None met RDA for Iron. Therefore, provision of a nutritionally balanced diet in prisons can ensure nutrients adequacy.

Key words: Dietary intake, food service, prisoners living with HIV.