International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
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Article Number - D575F4641869


Vol.5(8), pp. 134-139 , December 2013
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2013.0157
ISSN: 2141-2332



Full Length Research Paper

Resting and activity-related energy expenditure:Do formerly overweight women differ from their ever-lean counterparts?



David John Hume
  • David John Hume
  • UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, P.O. Box 115, Newlands, 7725, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Jacolene Kroff
  • Jacolene Kroff
  • UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, P.O. Box 115, Newlands, 7725, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Estelle Victoria Lambert
  • Estelle Victoria Lambert
  • UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, P.O. Box 115, Newlands, 7725, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar







 Accepted: 19 November 2013  Published: 31 December 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Weight loss relapse is common in reduced-overweight and reduced-obese persons. It is unclear whether adaptations in resting metabolism and activity-related thermogenesis may result in energy-sparing, thereby contributing to weight regain. We compared resting and daily activity-related energy expenditure in formerly overweight women (maintaining weight losses of ≥ 5%) to normal-weight, weight-stable women matched for body mass index (BMI) and age. Reduced-overweight (RO) and normal-weight (NW) women (N = 44) completed questionnaires for weight history, eating and physical activity behaviors. Measures included: BMI, body composition (bioelectrical impedance), resting energy expenditure and substrate oxidation, and daily activity-related energy expenditure (accelerometry). Groups were comparable for habitual energy intake, resting energy expenditure, resting fat and carbohydrate oxidation and daily activity-related thermogenesis. The RO group significantly over-estimated daily moderate intensity activity-related energy expenditure (270 min/wk) whereas the NW group did not (113 min/wk) (P = 0.02). Energy expenditure (resting and activity-related) was comparable in RO and NW women. With the exception of over-reporting moderate intensity physical activity, our findings suggest that formerly overweight women do not exhibit energy-sparing adaptations increasing the likelihood of weight regain.

Key words: Weight loss, weight regain, energy expenditure, fat oxidation, self-report, physical activity.

 

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APA (2013). Resting and activity-related energy expenditure:Do formerly overweight women differ from their ever-lean counterparts?. International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 5(8), 134-139.
Chicago David John Hume, Jacolene Kroff and Estelle Victoria Lambert. "Resting and activity-related energy expenditure:Do formerly overweight women differ from their ever-lean counterparts?." International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism 5, no. 8 (2013): 134-139.
MLA David John Hume, Jacolene Kroff and Estelle Victoria Lambert. "Resting and activity-related energy expenditure:Do formerly overweight women differ from their ever-lean counterparts?." International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism 5.8 (2013): 134-139.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJNAM2013.0157
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJNAM/article-abstract/D575F4641869

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