International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
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Article Number - F321BD842236


Vol.6(1), pp. 9-17 , January 2014
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2013.0158
ISSN: 2141-2332



Full Length Research Paper

Dietary pattern, lifestyle, nutrition status and prevalence of hypertension among traders in Sokoto Central market, Sokoto, Nigeria



Awosan, K. J.
  • Awosan, K. J.
  • Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Ibrahim, M. T. O.
  • Ibrahim, M. T. O.
  • Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Essien, E.
  • Essien, E.
  • Nutrition Unit, Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Yusuf, A. A.
  • Yusuf, A. A.
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Specialist Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Okolo, A.C.
  • Okolo, A.C.
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Specialist Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 20 November 2013  Accepted: 27 November 2013  Published: 31 January 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Poor diet (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fat, etc) and unhealthy lifestyle (smoking, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity) have been identified as major risk factors of cardiovascular disease and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs). NCDs are the leading causes of death globally, killing more people each year than all other causes combined. This study was conducted to assess the dietary pattern, lifestyle, nutrition status and prevalence of hypertension among traders in Sokoto, Nigeria. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among 390 traders selected by multistage sampling technique from November to December, 2012. Anthropometric and blood pressure measurements were done for the participants, together with questionnaire administration. High prevalence of unhealthy eating habits was recorded among the participants; 50.7% eat their largest meal at dinner, 49.9% eat snacks everyday, 66.7% eat fatty foods, 27.1% and 33.0% drink fruit juice and carbonated drinks, respectively thrice weekly or more, 56.0 and 58.8% eat fruits and vegetables, respectively less than thrice in a week or not at all. Also, 50.7% live a sedentary lifestyle, 5.2% currently smoke cigarette and 10.8% had consumed alcohol within the past 30 days. Similarly, the prevalence of overweight (28.9%), obesity (28.1%) and hypertension (29.1%) was high among the participants. This study demonstrated high prevalence of unhealthy eating habits and lifestyle; together with high prevalence of overweight, obesity and hypertension among traders in Sokoto. Health education and other interventions to promote healthy eating habits and lifestyle, especially among high risk groups are suggested.

Key words: Dietary pattern, lifestyle, nutrition status, hypertension, prevalence.

 
 
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APA Awosan, K. J., Ibrahim, M. T. O., Essien, E., Yusuf, A. A., & Okolo, A.C. (2014). Dietary pattern, lifestyle, nutrition status and prevalence of hypertension among traders in Sokoto Central market, Sokoto, Nigeria. International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 6(1), 9-17.
Chicago Awosan, K. J., Ibrahim, M. T. O., Essien, E., Yusuf, A. A. and Okolo, A.C.. "Dietary pattern, lifestyle, nutrition status and prevalence of hypertension among traders in Sokoto Central market, Sokoto, Nigeria." International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism 6, no. 1 (2014): 9-17.
MLA Awosan, et al. "Dietary pattern, lifestyle, nutrition status and prevalence of hypertension among traders in Sokoto Central market, Sokoto, Nigeria." International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism 6.1 (2014): 9-17.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJNAM2013.0158
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJNAM/article-abstract/F321BD842236

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