International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Subscribe to IJNM
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - CD3057541438


Vol.5(7), pp. 117-131 , November 2013
DOI: 10.5897/IJNM2013.0104
ISSN: 2141-2456



Full Length Research Paper

Roles of nurses in Sub-Saharan African region



C. G. Ugochukwu
  • C. G. Ugochukwu
  • Department of Nursing Sciences, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
L. R. Uys
  • L. R. Uys
  • School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu - Natal, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
A. K. Karani
  • A. K. Karani
  • Department of Nursing, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
I. L. Okoronkwo
  • I. L. Okoronkwo
  • Department of Nursing Sciences, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
B. N. Diop
  • B. N. Diop
  • National School for Health and Social Development, Dakar, Senegal.
  • Google Scholar







 Accepted: 19 September 2013  Published: 30 November 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The objective of this study was to create a model of nursing practice in Sub-Saharan Africa based on population needs, current practice and expectations of stakeholders. A three component study was done in eight sub-Saharan countries to ascertain (1) the health needs and the burden of disease in these countries, as well as evaluating the structure of their health systems; (2) the views on nursing functions held by opinion leaders in the community, other health professionals, patients and their families; and (3) to conduct a survey of nurses and midwives to determine the roles that they actually perform in hospitals and public health centres (PHCs). Four Anglophone and 4 Francophone countries were studied with a document audit, and 191 stakeholders included in focus groups. The current practice of 734 nurses in ambulatory and hospital settings was evaluated. Based on a triangulation of this data, 9 roles were identified:  the provision of holistic care, health education, managing the care environment, as well as the advocacy and collaboration, providing emergency care, providing midwifery care, prevention and management of infectious diseases and diagnosis and treatment. Three contextual support factors (positive policies and practices, an enacted regulatory framework and an enabling educational system) were also identified.

Key words: Africa, midwives, nurses, roles.


APA Ugochukwu, C.G., Uys, L.R., Karani, A.K., Okoronkwo, I.L. & Diop, B.N. (2013). Roles of nurses in Sub-Saharan African region. International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, 5(7), 117-131.
Chicago C. G. Ugochukwu, L. R. Uys, A. K. Karani, I. L. Okoronkwo and B. N. Diop. "Roles of nurses in Sub-Saharan African region." International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery 5, no. 7 (2013): 117-131.
MLA C. G. Ugochukwu, et al. "Roles of nurses in Sub-Saharan African region." International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery 5.7 (2013): 117-131.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJNM2013.0104
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJNM/article-abstract/CD3057541438

Subscription Form