International Journal of
Nursing and Midwifery

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2456
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 149

Full Length Research Paper

Determinants of late booking for antenatal care among pregnant women in selected hospitals in South East Nigeria

Ada Carol Nwaneri
  • Ada Carol Nwaneri
  • Nursing Sciences Department, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Ifeoma Ndubuisi
  • Ifeoma Ndubuisi
  • Nursing Sciences Department, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Ijeoma Lewechi Okoronkwo
  • Ijeoma Lewechi Okoronkwo
  • Nursing Sciences Department, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Okwudili Ezike
  • Okwudili Ezike
  • Nursing Sciences Department, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Umebuani Nkiruka
  • Umebuani Nkiruka
  • Nursing Sciences Department, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 18 March 2018
  •  Accepted: 16 May 2018
  •  Published: 31 July 2018

Abstract

Late booking for antenatal care is a frequent occurrence among pregnant women in Nigeria unlike in most developed countries. The objective of the study was to determine the maternal, socio-cultural, religious, and institutional/systemic factors that determine late booking for antenatal care among pregnant women in Enugu, Nigeria. Descriptive, cross-sectional questionnaire based method was employed in the study. A proportionate stratified sampling technique was used to select 282 pregnant women from three selected hospitals for the study. A validated structured questionnaire constructed by the researchers was used for collection of data. Findings were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Respondents revealed that maternal factors such as health status in present pregnancy [205(70.7%)], ignorance of proper gestational age to register for antenatal [125(43.1%)] and experience from previous pregnancies [101(34.8%)] determine timing of booking among pregnant women. Socio-cultural factors such as husband’s decision [100(34.5%)] and preference for mother in-law/friends/other women’s advice during the early weeks of pregnancy [88(26.9%)] determine timing of booking. Religious factor which mostly determine late booking in the study was preference for prayer and faith healing [157(54.1%)]. Institutional/systemic factors such as long waiting time in hospitals [142(49.0%)] and very frequent antenatal care schedule [129(44.5%)] determine late booking for antenatal care among pregnant women. Health status in present pregnancy, husband’s decision, long waiting time at the clinic and frequent number of ante-natal visits are the major determinants of late booking in Enugu. There is need for transitioning from traditional approach of ANC to Focused Antenatal Care (FANC) model recommended by WHO.
 
Key words: Determinants, Enugu, late ante natal booking.