International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
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Article Number - 2D466235796


Vol.1(1), pp. 005-018 , March 2009

ISSN: 2141-2499



Full Length Research Paper

The relationships between perceived stress for the future and coping strategies in times of social uncertainty: A study of Italian adolescents


Silvia Ciairano1, Palma Menna2, Roberta Molinar1 and Laura Aleni Sestito2




 

1Department of Psychology, University, University of Turin, Via Verdi 10, 10124, Torino, Italy.

2University of Naples, Italy.


Email: ciairano@psych.unito.it






 Accepted: 02 March 2009  Published: 31 March 2009

Copyright © 2009 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


 

Rapid social and economic changes in most industrialized countries have increased the level of uncertainty and precariousness to which young people are exposed. Adolescents are increasingly preoccupied with their future in terms of education, jobs, and career. The current study was aimed at investigating: 1) the stress for the future and the coping styles; 2) gender, age, and living place differences in stress and coping; 3) the relationships between coping styles and future-related stress. 916 Italian adolescents of both sexes, ages 11 to 20, attending public middle and high schools in two living places with different levels of unemployment (lower in Turin, higher in Naples) participated in the study. Adolescents completed the questionnaires “Coping Across Situations Questionnaire” and “Problem Questionnaire”. Main findings showed that: 1) the adolescents perceive the future as the most stressful domain and they use active and internal coping more than withdrawal; 2) stress is higher among girls than boys; younger use coping strategies more than older; c) stress is higher in Turin and internal coping and withdrawal is higher in Naples; 4) stress is: a) positively related to active coping and negatively related to withdrawal (especially in Naples where there is also a negative relation with internal coping); b) withdrawal moderates the effect of active coping. When the context offers too few opportunities for the future, active coping seems ineffective in reducing perceived stress. 

 

Key words: Societal uncertainty, stress for the future, coping strategies, adolescents.


APA (2009). The relationships between perceived stress for the future and coping strategies in times of social uncertainty: A study of Italian adolescents. International Journal of Psychology and Counselling, 1(1), 005-018.
Chicago Silvia Ciairano, Palma Menna, Roberta Molinar and Laura Aleni Sestito. "The relationships between perceived stress for the future and coping strategies in times of social uncertainty: A study of Italian adolescents." International Journal of Psychology and Counselling 1, no. 1 (2009): 005-018.
MLA Silvia Ciairano, et al. "The relationships between perceived stress for the future and coping strategies in times of social uncertainty: A study of Italian adolescents." International Journal of Psychology and Counselling 1.1 (2009): 005-018.
   
DOI
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJPC/article-abstract/2D466235796

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