International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
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Article Number - C75F45D61109


Vol.8(8), pp. 96-101 , October 2016
DOI: 10.5897/IJPC2016.0440
ISSN: 2141-2499



Full Length Research Paper

Cult Members’ “three-low-and-one-high” Symptoms and Theirs’ Solution-focused Brief Psychological Counseling



Juan Zhou
  • Juan Zhou
  • School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Behavior and Cognitive Neuroscience, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.
  • Google Scholar
Yuran Luo
  • Yuran Luo
  • School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Behavior and Cognitive Neuroscience, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.
  • Google Scholar
Qingping Chen
  • Qingping Chen
  • School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Behavior and Cognitive Neuroscience, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.
  • Google Scholar
Ying Liang
  • Ying Liang
  • School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Behavior and Cognitive Neuroscience, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 15 June 2016  Accepted: 09 August 2016  Published: 31 October 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This study aimed to examine the inner psychological characteristics of cult members, provide a basis for the implementation of psychological counseling. 63 cult members and 69 ordinary people were assessed with the Self-Consistency and Congruence Scale (SCCS), the Interpersonal Trust Scale (ITS), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and the Self-rated Health Measurement Scale (SRHMS).  Cult members scored significantly lower than the control group in the total score of the interpersonal trust, self-flexibility dimension and self-rated health. (t=-3.67,p<0.01;t=-2.34,p<0.05; t=-4.66,p<0.01); cult members scored significantly lower on each dimension of self-rated health than the control group (t= 3.22, p< 0.01;t= 4.18, p< 0.01; t= 3.49, p< 0.01;t = 4.66, p< 0.01); cult members scored significantly higher than the control group in the total score of the self and experience disharmony dimension and the trait anxiety level (t=2.11,p<0.05;t=5.67,p<0.01); cult members’ self-consistency and congruence has negative correlation with mental health (r=-0.372,p<0.05); trait anxiety and mental health have a negative correlation relationship (r=-0.557,p<0.01); the main factors influencing cult members’ mental health were self and experience disharmony and trait anxiety, with two factors explaining 22.3% of the mental health. Cult members were reported to have lower interpersonal trust, lower self-consistency and congruence, lower health level and higher trait anxiety (the so-called “three-low-and-one-high” symptoms). We can use the solution-focused brief therapy to implement mental counseling, which has an emphasis on problem-solving without an entanglement of the causes, and on promotion of cult members’ changes in a positive attitude.

 

Key words: Cult members, “three-low-and-one-high” symptoms, solution-focused brief therapy.

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APA Zhou, J., Luo, Y., Chen, Q., Liang, Y. (2016). Cult Members’ “three-low-and-one-high” Symptoms and Theirs’ Solution-focused Brief Psychological Counseling. International Journal of Psychology and Counselling, 8(8), 96-101.
Chicago Juan Zhou, Yuran Luo, Qingping Chen, Ying Liang. "Cult Members’ “three-low-and-one-high” Symptoms and Theirs’ Solution-focused Brief Psychological Counseling." International Journal of Psychology and Counselling 8, no. 8 (2016): 96-101.
MLA Juan Zhou, et al. "Cult Members’ “three-low-and-one-high” Symptoms and Theirs’ Solution-focused Brief Psychological Counseling." International Journal of Psychology and Counselling 8.8 (2016): 96-101.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJPC2016.0440
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJPC/article-abstract/C75F45D61109

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