International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
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Article Number - CDBBF1A38765


Vol.5(7), pp. 143-146 , September 2013
DOI: 10.5897/IJPC2013.0218
ISSN: 2141-2499



Full Length Research Paper

Effect of test anxiety, gender and perceived self- concept on academic performance of Nigerian students


 

Iroegbu, Mamasseh N.

 

 




Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria.


Email: manassehiroegbu@yahoo.com






 Accepted: 10 July 2013  Published: 30 September 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


 

190 students randomly selected from senior secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria participated in this study. The instruments used for the measurement of the construct included Spielberger (1980) Test Anxiety Scale, Hudson (1982) Self-Esteem scale, and gender through demographic data.  A 2x2x2 factorial design was adopted in this study while a three way analysis of Variance (ANOVA) for unequal sample sizes was used for data analysis. The result showed that the subjects with low anxiety performed better than those with high anxiety [F(1, 182) = 3.87, p<^.05], subjects with high self concept performed better than those with low self concept [F(1,182) =7.59; p<.05] and female gender performed better than the male gender  [F(1,182) = 16.99; p<.05]. In addition, there was an interaction of anxiety and self concept [F(1, 182) = 10.69; p<.05]; anxiety and gender [F(1, 182) = 5.13, p<.05] and anxiety, self concept and gender [F(1, 182) = 7.76; p<.05]. It is recommended that the blood pressure of students be tested with their emotions calm down by psychologists before the commencement of exams. Also, psychologists should be used to employing conditioning, behaviour modification, counselling and modelling to build self concept in students.

 

Key words: Anxiety, gender, self concept, academic performance.

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APA (2013). Effect of test anxiety, gender and perceived self- concept on academic performance of Nigerian students. International Journal of Psychology and Counselling, 5(7), 143-146.
Chicago   Iroegbu, Mamasseh N.    . "Effect of test anxiety, gender and perceived self- concept on academic performance of Nigerian students." International Journal of Psychology and Counselling 5, no. 7 (2013): 143-146.
MLA   Iroegbu, Mamasseh N.    . "Effect of test anxiety, gender and perceived self- concept on academic performance of Nigerian students." International Journal of Psychology and Counselling 5.7 (2013): 143-146.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJPC2013.0218
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJPC/article-abstract/CDBBF1A38765

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