International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Subscribe to IJPDS
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 9D4411449053


Vol.5(1), pp. 1-9 , December 2014
DOI: 10.5897/IJPDS2013.0360
ISSN: 2141-6621



Review

The era of empire or globalization? The impact of the global shift on development thinking and society



James E. Conable
  • James E. Conable
  • Development Studies, Lund University Graduate School, Faculty of Social Sciences, Sweden.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 09 October 2013  Accepted: 02 December 2014  Published: 31 December 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This study is a literature review with the ambition to answer the question, what is globalization? The myriad of perspectives, both for and against globalization theses makes it an elusive concept and can be confusing both for undergraduate students and laypersons. Hence, in this paper globalization theses reconsidered, pulling together diverse perspectives in order to provide an alternative way of understanding globalization debate, according to the manifestation of the phenomena associated with it rather than grappling with various explanations. Therefore, globalization means information age and integration, transnational movement and an intersection of global and other special qualities. This paper used two examples related to development issues: economic liberalization and sustainable development to operationalize this definition. The analysis is both descriptive and explanatory. The aim was not to develop new concepts, but to use the existing concepts to formulate a simple definition of globalization. Also, to assess the overall impact of globalization was not the ambition but to show the empirical justification of the definition. This paper concludes that this definition is useful in order for the undergraduate students and laypersons to follow the arguments about globalization and to understand the impact of globalization on development thinking and society.

 

Key words: Empire, environment, development, globalization, liberalization.

Allen T, Thomas A (2000). Poverty and Development into the 21st Century (2nd ed.). United Kingdom: The Open University in association with OXFORD University Press.

 

Arestis P (2005). Washington consensus and financial liberalization. J. Post Keynesian Econ. 27(2):251-271.
Crossref

 

 

Bacevich AJ, Prodromou EH (2004, Winter). God Is Not Neutral: Religion and U.S.Foreign Policy after 9/11. Published by Elsevier Limited on behalf of Foreign Policy Research Institute. 45(0):43-54.

 

 

Baylis J, Smith S, Owens P (2008). The Globalization of World Politics: An introduction to international relations (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

 

 

Beck U (2006). Power in the Global Age: A New Political Economy (1st ed.). London and Massachusetts: Polity Press.

 

 

Berberoglu B (2008). The Dynamics of Globalization and Its Impact on the Society in the 21st Century. Nevada: American Sociological Association 2008 Annual Meeting.

 

 

Berger MT (2003). Decolonisation, Modernisation and NationBuilding: Political Development Theory and the Appeal of Communism in Southeast Asia, 1945–1975. J. Southeast Asian Stud. 34(03):421448.
Crossref

 

 

Brauch HG, Spring UO, Mesjasz C, Grin G, Dunay P, Behera NB (2008). Globalization and Environmental Challenges: Reconceptualizing Security in the 21st Century (1st ed.). New York: Springer Books.
Crossref

 

 

Burnell P, Randall V (2008). Politics in the developing world (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

 

 

Castles S, Miller MJ (2009). The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World. International Population Movements in the Modern World (4th ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.

 

 

Cederman LE, Hug S, Wenger A (2008). Democratization and War in Political Science. Democratization 15(3):509-524.
Crossref

 

 

Cooley A, Nexon DH (2013). "The Empire Will Compensate You": The Structural Dynamics of the U.S. Overseas Basing Network. Perspectives on Politics, 11(4), 1034-1050.
Crossref

 

 

Corbera E, Schroeder H (2011). Governing and Implementing REDD+, Environ. Sci. Policy 144(2):89-99.
Crossref

 

 

Cotula L, Vermeulen S, Mathieu P, Toulmin C (2011). Agricultural investment and international land deals: evidence from a multi-country study in Africa. Food Secur. 3(1):99-113.
Crossref

 

 

Crawford NC (2004). The Road to Global Empire: The Logic of U.S. Foreign Policy After 9/11. Elsevier Limited on behalf of Foreign Policy Research Institute. 48(4):685-703.

 

 

Desai V, Potter RB (2008). The Companion to Development Studies (2nd ed.). London: Arnold-HodderEducation, part of Hachette Livre UK.

 

 

Dicken P (2007). Global Shift Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy (5th ed.). London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

 

 

Dollar D, Kraay A (2002). Spreading the Wealth. Foreign Affairs. 81(1):20-33.
Crossref

 

 

Domosh M (2010). The world was never fl at: early global encounters and the messiness of empire. Progress Human Geog. 34(4):419-435.
Crossref

 

 

Esping-Andersen G (1990). The Three World of Welfare Capitalism (1st uppl.). Cambridge: Polity Press.

 

 

Food and Agricultural Organizations (FAO) of the United Nations (2009). World Summit on Food Security. Retrieved August 26, 2013, from

view

 

 

Food and Agricultural Organizations (FAO) of the United Nations (2012). Greening the Economy with Climate-Smart Agriculture. Hanoi: FAO of the United Nations.

 

 

Fukuyama F (1989). The End of History and the Last Man. Retrieved February 1, 2014, from

view

 

 

Gillian Y (2007). Global Political Economy in the Information Age: Power and Inequality (1st ed.). London and New York: Routledge: Taylor and Francis Group.

 

 

Habib-Mintz N (2010). Biofuel investment in Tanzania: Omissions in implementation. Energy Policy 38:3985–3997.
Crossref

 

 

Hardt M, Negri A (2000). Empire (1st ed.). Massachusetts and London: Havard University Press.

 

 

HDR (2006). Ending the crisis of water and sanitation. New York: United Nations Development Progamme.

 

 

IMF-International Monetary Fund (2008). Globalization: A Brief Overview. Retrieved September 10, 2013, from

view

 

 

International Labour Organization. (2012). Working Towards Sustainable Development: Opportunities for decent work and social inclusion in a green economy. Geneva: International Labour Office.

 

 

Jacobson MF (2013). Where We Stand: US Empire at Street Level and in the Archive. Am. Quart. 65(2):265-290.
Crossref

 

 

Jones CF (2012). The American Trajectory: From Republic to Empire. Am. Diplomacy. 9/19/2012, pp.1-17.

 

 

Karlsson AO, Holmlund G, Egeland T, Mostad P (2007). DNA-testing for immigration cases: The risk of erroneous conclusions. Forensic Sci. Int. 172(0):144-149.
Crossref

 

 

Lafeber W (2002). The Post September 11 Debate Over Empire, Globalization, and Fragmentation. Polit. Sci. Quart. 117(1):1-17.
Crossref

 

 

Laxer G (2005). Popular National Sovereignty and the U.S. Empire. J. World Syst. Res. 11(2):317-352.

 

 

Loomba A (2005). Colonialism/Postcolonialism (2nd ed.). London and New York: Routledge.

 

 

Matondi PB, Havnevik K, Beyene A (2011). Biofuels, land grabbing and food security in Africa (1st ed.). London and New York: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet / Zed Books.

 

 

McClintock A (2009). Paranoid Empire: Specters from Guantánamo and Abu Ghraib. Caribbean J. Crit. 0(28):50-74.

 

 

McDermott CL, Coad L, Helfgott A, Schroeder H (2012). Operationalizing social safeguards in REDD+: actors, interests and ideas. Environ. Sci. Policy 21:63-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2012.02.007
Crossref

 

 

McMichael P (2008). Development and Social Change: A Global Perspective (4th ed.). California: Pine Forge Press.

 

 

Mohanty CT (2003). Feminism utan gränser – avkoloniserad teori, praktiserad solidaritet (2:a upplagan) Hägersten: TankeKraft Förlag.

 

 

Nhantumbo I, Salomão A (2010). Biofuels, land access and rural livelihoods in Mozambique. London and Maputo: IIED and CTV.

 

 

Nielsen TD (2014). The Role of Discourses in Governing Forests to Combat Climate Change. International Environmental Agreements: Politics Law Econ. 14(3):265-280. DOI 10.1007/s10784-013-9223-4
Crossref

 

 

Oane V (2011). Land grabbing in post-Soviet Eurasia: the world's largest agricultural land reserves at stake. J. Peasant Stud. 38(2):229-323.

 

 

Oreste P (2005). A probabilistic design approach for tunnel supports. doi:10.1016/j.compgeo.2005.09.003.
Crossref

 

 

Perrons D (2004). Globalization and Social Change: People and Places in a divided world (1st ed.). London and New York: Routledge: Taylor and Francis Group.

 

 

Pfaff A, Sills EO, Amacher GS, Coren MJ, Lawlor K, Streck C (2011). Policy impacts on deforestation: Lessons learned from past experiences to inform new initiatives. Durham, NC: Nicholas Institute for EnvironmentalPolicy Solutions, Duke University.

 

 

Rosset P (2009). Agrofuels, Food Sovereignty, and the Contemporary Food Crisis. Bull. Sci. Technol. Soc. 29(0):189-193.
Crossref

 

 

Ryn CG (2003). The Ideology of American Empire. Published by Elsevier Science Limited for Foreign Policy Research Institute. 32(0):383-397.

 

 

Scholte AJ (2005). Globalization: a critical introduction (2nd ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

 

 

Sparks DL (2012). Large Scale Land Acquisitions In Sub-Saharan Africa: The New Scramble? Int. Bus. Econ. Res. J. 11(6):687-696.

 

 

Stokke O (2009). The UN and Development: From Aid to cooperation (1st uppl.). Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

 

 

Therbon G (2000a). Introduction: From the Universal to the Global. Int. Sociol. 15(2):149-150.
Crossref

 

 

The UN-REDD Programme. (2013, September 24). Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries. Retrieved September 25, 2013, from

view

 

 

Thompson MC, Baruah M, Carr E (2011). Seeing REDD+ as a project of environmental governance, Environ. Sci. Policy 14(2):100-110.
Crossref

 

 

Timmer PC (2003). Biotechnology and Food Systems in Developing Countries. J. Nutr. 133(11):3319-3322.

 

 

UNCED (2002). Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development. Retrieved August 27, 2013, from http://www.unescap.org/esd/environment/rio20/pages/Download/johannesburgdeclaration.pdf

 

 

UNEP- United Nations Environmental Programme. (2010). ABC of SCP: Clarifying Concepts on Sustainable Consumption and Production. Retrieved September 04, 2013, from

view

 

 

United Nations (2011). Growth in United Nations membership, 1945-present. Retrieved August 26, 2013, from

view

 

 

United Nations Security Council. (2002, September 28). Security Council Resolution 1373. Retrieved August 24, 2013, from

view

 

 

UNODC (2005). Crime and Development in Africa. New York: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

 

 

Vanaik A (2013). Capitalist Globalisation and the Problem of Stability: enter the new quintet and other emerging powers. Third World Quart. 34(2):194-213.
Crossref

 

 

Wallerstein I (2000). Globalization or the Age of Transition? A Long-Term View of the Trajectory of the World System. Int. Sociol. 15(2):249-265.
Crossref

 

 

World Bank (2011). Globalization. Retrieved September 10, 2013, from

view

 

 

Zakaria F, Khana P, Ikenberry JG, Slaughter MK, Ohmae K, Kenzaburo OE (2008). The Rise of the Rest. New Perspect. Quart. 25(3):13-17.

 

 

Zhang X, Zhang K (2003). How Does Globalisation Affect Regional Inequality Within a Developing Country? Evidence from China. J. Dev. Stud. 39(4):47-67.
Crossref

 

 


APA Conable, J. E. (2014). The era of empire or globalization? The impact of the global shift on development thinking and society. International Journal of Peace and Development Studies, 5(1), 1-9.
Chicago James E. Conable. "The era of empire or globalization? The impact of the global shift on development thinking and society." International Journal of Peace and Development Studies 5, no. 1 (2014): 1-9.
MLA James E. Conable. "The era of empire or globalization? The impact of the global shift on development thinking and society." International Journal of Peace and Development Studies 5.1 (2014): 1-9.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJPDS2013.0360
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJPDS/article-abstract/9D4411449053

Subscription Form