International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
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Article Number - B3DE36859685


Vol.8(1), pp. 1-6 , July 2016
DOI: 10.5897/IJPPB2015.0235
ISSN: 2141-2162



Full Length Research Paper

Evaluating postharvest characteristics of Apantu (Local False Horn) plantain for harvest indices determination



Dzomeku B. M.
  • Dzomeku B. M.
  • CSIR-Crops Research institute, P. O. Box 3785, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Sarkordie-Addo J.
  • Sarkordie-Addo J.
  • Crop and soil Science Department, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Darkey S. K.
  • Darkey S. K.
  • CSIR-Crops Research institute, P. O. Box 3785, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Bam R.K
  • Bam R.K
  • CSIR-Crops Research institute, P. O. Box 3785, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Wuensche J
  • Wuensche J
  • University of Hohenheim, Stutgart, Germany.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 24 July 2015  Accepted: 25 May 2016  Published: 31 July 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Plantain (Musa sp., genome AAB) is a major locally grown starchy staple food highly consumed by Ghanaians with a per capita consumption of 84.4 kg. However, the maturity index of the fruit has been dependent on various characteristics including angularity, fruit tip drying, etc. A physiological study was conducted on the fruit characteristics of Apantu at harvest to determine the appropriate maturity index to be used by smallholders. The results were subjected to correlative analysis and revealed a strong positive correlation between age at harvest and pulp to peel ratio. The number of leaves declined with age while pulp to peel ratio, bunch weight, peel weight and fruit weight showed positive correlation with age. The low correlations observed between the age at harvest and peel thickness, peel weight, density of fruit and pulp thickness makes them unreliable indices, possibly due to the difference in environmental conditions. Generally this is true since smallholders rely upon rainfed irrigation and physiological characteristics are greatly influenced by the watering component of the environmental. It is therefore recommended that farmers use bunch ages to determine harvest maturity. This could be done through tagging of plants at flower emergence due to the strong correlation it had with pulp:peel ratio. Further testing on each variety is needed to make tangible conclusions on some of the maturity indices to be adopted or must be backed with other variables.

Key words: Musa, Apantu, physiology, postharvest, maturity indices.

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APA Dzomeku, B. M., Sarkordie-Addo, J., Darkey, S. K., Bam, R.K., & Wuensche, J (2016). Evaluating postharvest characteristics of Apantu (Local False Horn) plantain for harvest indices determination. International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 8(1), 1-6.
Chicago Dzomeku B. M., Sarkordie-Addo J., Darkey S. K. Bam R.K and Wuensche J. "Evaluating postharvest characteristics of Apantu (Local False Horn) plantain for harvest indices determination." International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 8, no. 1 (2016): 1-6.
MLA Dzomeku B. M., et al. "Evaluating postharvest characteristics of Apantu (Local False Horn) plantain for harvest indices determination." International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 8.1 (2016): 1-6.
   
DOI 10.5897/IJPPB2015.0235
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/IJPPB/article-abstract/B3DE36859685

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