International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
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Article Number - 1544BA162543

Vol.9(2), pp. 17-27 , February 2017
ISSN: 2006-988X

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Full Length Research Paper

Socioeconomic determinants of under-five children health outcome among childbearing mothers in Abia state, Nigeria

Imo Chukwuechefulam Kingsley
  • Imo Chukwuechefulam Kingsley
  • Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akoko-Akungba, P. M. B. 001, Ondo State, Nigeria.
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Isiugo-Abanihe Uche Charlie
  • Isiugo-Abanihe Uche Charlie
  • Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Chikezie David Chidi
  • Chikezie David Chidi
  • Department of Statistics, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.
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 Received: 27 July 2016  Accepted: 30 September 2016  Published: 28 February 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

Socioeconomic factors have been identified as affecting all aspects of peoples’ lives; and it is intricately linked to the demographic process. They are strong predictors of infant and child health outcome in most developing countries. This paper examined socioeconomic determinants of under-five children health outcome with data from a sample of 609 women of childbearing age in rural and urban areas of Abia State. The study utilized explanatory study design involving survey research with a multi-stage sampling technique and a methodological triangulation of both quantitative and qualitative techniques was adopted in gathering the data. The respondents’ age was 32.6±5.8 years, 84.6% were married/living together, 55.0% had secondary education, while 42.7% were in paid/civil service jobs. Incidence of under-five mortality declined sharply as mother’s level of education increases. Urban respondents who were in paid or civil service jobs had more incidence of under-five mortality compared to their rural counterparts. The likelihood of experiencing under-five morbidity and mortality significantly reduced with higher levels of mother’s education (Odds-Ratio (OR): 0.08) and increased with paid/civil service and farming/petty trading jobs (OR: 2.35 and OR: 2.08, respectively). The outcome of an under-five child’s health depends on socio-economic factors. Maternal socioeconomic factors cannot be employed as a proxy for general social and economic change, but must be examined as important forces in their own rights.

Key words: Under-five health outcome, socioeconomic, childbearing mothers in Abia State.

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APA Imo, C. K., Isiugo-Abanihe, U. C., & Chikezie, D. C. (2017). Socioeconomic determinants of under-five children health outcome among childbearing mothers in Abia state, Nigeria. International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 9(2), 17-27.
Chicago Imo Chukwuechefulam Kingsley, Isiugo-Abanihe Uche Charlie and Chikezie David Chidi. "Socioeconomic determinants of under-five children health outcome among childbearing mothers in Abia state, Nigeria." International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology 9, no. 2 (2017): 17-27.
MLA Imo Chukwuechefulam Kingsley, Isiugo-Abanihe Uche Charlie and Chikezie David Chidi. "Socioeconomic determinants of under-five children health outcome among childbearing mothers in Abia state, Nigeria." International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology 9.2 (2017): 17-27.

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