International Journal of
Science and Technology Education Research

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sci. Technol. Educ. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6559
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSTER
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 67

Full Length Research Paper

The solar-reflective characterization of solid opaque materials

Thomas Allmendinger
  • Thomas Allmendinger
  • Glattbrugg/Zurich, Switzerland.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 16 December 2015
  •  Accepted: 09 June 2016
  •  Published: 30 June 2016

Abstract

With respect to the reflective behaviour of solar radiation on solid surfaces being relevant for (micro)-climate modelling, particularly at pavements, buildings and roofs, it is proposed that making a difference between the colour dependent terms albedo as and solar reflection coefficient αs, the former being related to a white surface and the latter being related to the total incident solar radiation. As a complement to the solar reflection coefficient, the solar absorption coefficient βs = 1 - αs is defined. For conceiving the thermal behaviour of solid materials in the presence of sunlight, a novel method is described for directly determining the solar absorption coefficient, instead of the usual but delicate methods where the incident and the reflected radiation are measured delivering the solar reflection coefficient. Thereto, the heat absorbance rate of coloured solid plates is determined by measuring their temperatures, and regarding their heat capacities. Since the warming-up process is interfered by a heat emission, the cooling down behaviour has to be known. Thereto, separate measurements were made with preheated plates in a darkened room, the obtained results differing from the forecast by the widely used Stefan-Boltzmann law. For both processes, mathematic modelling was derived enabling an arithmetic combination of the warming-up and the cooling-down process yielding limiting temperatures being solely dependent on the surface colour. Finally, some comparing albedo-measurements were made using a normal light-meter being directed towards wooden boards which have been coloured the same as the original plates, yielding a remarkably good accordance of the two methods.

Key words: Albedo, radiation-absorption, heat-emission, Stefan-Boltzmann law, climate-modelling.