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Article Number - 728A49D62089


Vol.11(4), pp. 33-44 , December 2016
DOI: 10.5897/INGOJ2016.0317
ISSN: 1993-8225



Article

NGOs’ performance in conservation governance: Cases of nature conservation campaigns in China



Zhao Li
  • Zhao Li
  • R410, GoetheStr.66, 44147, Dortmund, Germany.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 02 December 2016  Accepted: 06 December 2016  Published: 31 December 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


After the phase of Command-Control Mechanism in the 1970s and Market-oriented Mechanism in the 1980s, the evolution of China’s state governance has moved on to the third phase of Information disclosure, dialogue and cooperation mechanism. Accordingly, spatial governance is going through a similar process. The importance of public participation (PP) was addressed in China’s Agenda 21. In 1996, PP mechanisms were established in spatial governance projects (State council, 1996), and then introduced into an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) legal mechanism (Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, 2002). Thereafter, PP has been gradually institutionalized and substantiated into spatial governance practice. Composed of citizens who share similar concerns or attitudes towards specific issues, an NGO is generally expected to be more positively influential than un-organized individual participants on decision-making and negotiation process. In natural conservation regions, conflicts between regional construction planning and environment protection are fierce. What role should the NGOs play in those regions, considering this dilemma? Could the current laws and regulations ensure all voices are being heard and taken into account? In China, NGO’s participation in conservation governance practices remains passive and hard to achieve. Effectiveness of NGO’s participation largely depends on publicity and mainstream public opinion on major media platforms. NGOs’ participation helps supervise conservation governance practice, while NGO’s participation itself needs to be better guaranteed by a controlled implementation of relevant regulations. Suggestions for improving NGOs performance includes to promote the legal regime of participatory conservation planning, and to establish sound cooperation between the mass media and the NGOs.

Key words: NGO; nature reserve; participation.

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APA Li, Z. (2016). NGOs’ performance in conservation governance: Cases of nature conservation campaigns in China. International NGO Journal, 11(4), 33-44.
Chicago Zhao Li. "NGOs’ performance in conservation governance: Cases of nature conservation campaigns in China." International NGO Journal 11, no. 4 (2016): 33-44.
MLA Zhao Li. "NGOs’ performance in conservation governance: Cases of nature conservation campaigns in China." International NGO Journal 11.4 (2016): 33-44.
   
DOI 10.5897/INGOJ2016.0317
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/INGOJ/article-abstract/728A49D62089

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