Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Subscribe to JAERD
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 255CEE767065


Vol.10(1), pp. 11-19 , January 2018
DOI: 10.5897/ JAERD2017.0929
ISSN: 2141-2170



Full Length Research Paper

Perceptions and choices of adaptation measures for climate change among teff (Eragrostis tef) farmers of Southeast Tigray, Ethiopia



Felix Moses Tembo
  • Felix Moses Tembo
  • Department of Land Management, Mzuzu University, P/Bag 201, Mzuzu 2, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Tewodros Tadesse
  • Tewodros Tadesse
  • Department of Natural Resources Economics and Management, Mekelle University, P. O. Box 231, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Wales Singini
  • Wales Singini
  • Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Mzuzu University, P/Bag 201, Mzuzu 2, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 30 October 2017  Accepted: 24 November 2017  Published: 31 January 2018

Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This study was conducted in Southeast Tigray of Ethiopia using teff (Eragrostis tef) producing farmers. Teff production with regards to climate change has significant implications on food security and poverty in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to analyze factors influencing choice of adaptation strategies among teff farmers in Ethiopia. A stratified simple random sampling technique was employed to select 210 farm households as respondents from the three agro-ecological zones of the highlands of Endamehoni, and midlands and lowlands of Raya Azebo. A multivariate model was used to analyze the data obtained from farm households. The study found that from the sixteen predictor variables fitted in the model, nine variables including age, education of household head, household size, distance to produce market, farm to farm extension services, access to credit facilities, average temperature, climate information on weather and climate and agro ecology have significant influence on adaptation strategies with model coefficients at p=0.05 or less. It is therefore, recommended that policies of government on adaptation to climate change should be given emphasis in order to enhance the adaptive capacity of teff farming community. 

Key words: Teff, climate change, adaptation, Southeast Tigray, Ethiopia.

Apata T (2011). Factors influencing the perception and choice of adaptation measures to climate change among farmers in Nigeria. J. Environ. Econ. 2(4):74-83.

 

Bayecha DK (2013). Economic impacts of climate change on teff production in Lume and Gimbichu Districts of Central Ethiopia (Master's thesis). Agricultural and Applied Economics, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.

 
 

Bryan E, Deressa T, Gbetibouo G, Ringler C (2009). Adaptation to climate change in Ethiopia and South Africa: Options and constraints. Environ. Sci. Policy 12(4):413-426.
Crossref

 
 

Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2015). Ethiopian Agricultural Sample Survey 2014/15. Central Statistical Authority No. 1. Report on area and production of major crops. Statistical Bulletin 578. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 115pp.

 
 

Deressa T, Hassan R, Ringler C, Tekie A, Mahmud Y (2009). Determinants of farmers' choice of adaptation methods to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. Glob. Environ. Change 19:248-255.
Crossref

 
 

Deressa T, Yehualashet H, Rajan D (2014). Climate change adaptations of smallholder farmers in South Eastern Ethiopia. J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev. 6(11):354-366.

 
 

Di Falco S, Yesuf M, Kohlin G, Ringler C (2011). Estimating the Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture in Low-Income Countries: Household Level Evidence from the Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Springer Science and Business Media B.V.

 
 

Edwards S, Egziabher T, Araya H (2006). Climate Change and Food Systems Resilience in Sub-Sahara Africa. International Conference on Organic Agriculture and Food Security, held 2–5 May 2007 in FAO, Rome. pp. 231-294.

 
 

Government of Ethiopia (2016). Meteorological data from 1976-2013. Ministry of Agriculture, National Meteorological Agency of Tigray.

 
 

Greene WH (2003). Econometric Analysis, 5th Edition. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall. Pearson Education, Inc., New Jersey, USA. 827p.

 
 

Hassan RM (1996). Planting strategies of maize farmers in Kenya: a simultaneous equation analysis in the presence of discrete dependent variables. Agric. Econ. 15:137-149.
Crossref

 
 

Hausman J, Wise D (1978). A conditional probit model for qualitative choice: Discrete decisions recognizing interdependence and heterogeneous preferences. Econometrica 46:403-426.
Crossref

 
 

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007). Summary for Policy Makers. In: Solomon, S., Qin, D. and Manning, M. (Eds.), Climate Change 2007 The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of 93 Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 1007pp.

 
 

Komba C, Muchapondwa E (2015). Adaptation to Climate Change by Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania. Environment for Development. Discussion Paper Series, EfD DP 15-12. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

 
 

Lin CTJ, Jenson KL, Yen ST (2005). Awareness of foodborne pathogens among US consumers. Food Qual. Prefer. 16:401-412.
Crossref

 
 

Maddison D (2006). The Perception of Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa. University of Pretoria: Johannesburg. PMCid: PMC 1698947.

 
 

Mendelsohn R (2000). Measuring the Effect of Climate Change on Developing Country Agriculture. Economic and Social Development Paper No. 145. FAO, Rome Italy.

 
 

Ndambiri H, Ritho C, Mbogoh S (2016). An Evaluation of Farmers' Perceptions of and Adaptation to the Effects of Climate Change in Kenya. Int. J. Food Agric. Econ. 4(1):87-108.

 
 

Nhemachena C, Hassan R, Chakwizira J (2014). Analysis of determinants of farm-level adaptation measures to climate change in Southern Africa. J. Dev. Agric. Econ. 6(5):232-241.
Crossref

 
 

Phiri I (2011). Modeling farmers' choice of adaptation strategies towards climatic and weather variability: Empirical evidence from Chikwawa district, Malawi (Master's thesis). Faculty of Development Studies, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Bunda College of Agriculture, Lilongwe, Malawi.

 
 

Polsky C (2004). Putting space and time in Ricardian climate change impact studies: Agriculture in the US Great Plains, 1969-1992. Ann. Assoc. Am. Geogr. 94(3):549-564.
Crossref

 
 

Tesfay G, Gebresamuel G, Gebretsadik A, Gebrelibanos A, Gebremeskel Y, Hagos T (2014). Participatory Rural Appraisal Report: Raya Azebo Woreda, Tigray Region. CASCAPE working paper 2.6.5, website: www.cascape.info. Accessed on 09/02/2016.

 
 

Wang J, Mendelsohn R, Dinarc R, Huangd J, Rozellee S, Zhangd L (2009). The impact of climate change on China's agriculture. Agric. Econ. 40:323-337.
Crossref

 
 

Wu J, Babcock BA (1998). The choice of tillage, rotation, and soil testing practices: Economic and environmental implications. Am. J. Agric. Econ. 80:494-511.
Crossref

 
 

Yesuf M, Di Falco S, Ringler C, Kohlin G (2008). Impact of climate change and adaptation on food production in low income countries: Household survey data evidence from the Nile basin of Ethiopia. IFPRI Discussion Paper No. 828. International Food Policy Research Institute. Washington DC. 2pp.

 
 

Yumbya J, de Vaate M, Kiambi D, Kebebew F, Rao K (2014). Assessing the effects of climate change on teff in Ethiopia. A research project by: African Biodiversity Conservation and Innovations Centre (ABCIC) in collaboration with the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (IBC), Nairobi, Kenya.

 
 

Zivanomoyo J, Mukarati J (2013). Determinants of choice of crop variety as climate change adaptation option in arid regions of Zimbabwe. Russ. J. Agric. Socio-Econ. Sci. 3(15):54-62.

 
 

Zuluaga V, Labarta R, Laderach P (2015). Climate Change Adaptation: The Case of the Coffee Sector in Nicaragua. Selected Paper prepared for presentation at the 2015 Agricultural & Applied Economics Association and Western Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, July 26-28.

 

 


APA Tembo, F. M., Tadesse, T., & Singini, W. (2018). Perceptions and choices of adaptation measures for climate change among teff (Eragrostis tef) farmers of Southeast Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 10(1), 11-19.
Chicago Felix Moses Tembo, Tewodros Tadesse and Wales Singini. "Perceptions and choices of adaptation measures for climate change among teff (Eragrostis tef) farmers of Southeast Tigray, Ethiopia." Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 10, no. 1 (2018): 11-19.
MLA Felix Moses Tembo, Tewodros Tadesse and Wales Singini. "Perceptions and choices of adaptation measures for climate change among teff (Eragrostis tef) farmers of Southeast Tigray, Ethiopia." Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 10.1 (2018): 11-19.
   
DOI 10.5897/ JAERD2017.0929
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JAERD/article-abstract/255CEE767065

Subscription Form