Journal of
Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2170
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAERD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 359

Full Length Research Paper

Trends in budgetary expenditure on the agricultural sector in Nigeria (1977-2004)

T. S. Demenongu
  • T. S. Demenongu
  • Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.
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F. Y. Ukohol
  • F. Y. Ukohol
  • Institute of Food Security, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.
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S. Daudu
  • S. Daudu
  • Institute of Food Security, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 30 April 2013
  •  Accepted: 23 June 2014
  •  Published: 01 September 2014

Abstract

The study estimated trend equations for budgetary expenditure on Nigeria agricultural sector between 1977 and 2004. Secondary data in the form of budgetary expenditure records were obtained from various publications of Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and Federal of Statistics (FOS). Results from the fitted trend equations showed that budgetary expenditures on agriculture were generally low and insignificant (p>0.05). Annual compound growth rate of expenditure on the sector was also low (1.02%) and fluctuating for the entire period under review. Furthermore, the fitted quadratic equations in time variable showed the absence of either significant acceleration or deceleration in expenditure growth on agriculture. This, therefore, confirms that expenditure growth on agriculture had been stagnant, suggesting a case of financial neglect of the sector. Based on these findings, the study recommends deliberate efforts by Government to increase funds to agriculture in order to boost self-sufficiency in food production and reduce poverty in Nigeria.

 

Key words: Trends, budgets, agriculture, expenditure, Nigeria.