Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
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Article Number - 11F965466635


Vol.9(11), pp. 209-219 , November 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2017.0451
ISSN: 2141-2359



Full Length Research Paper

HIV/AIDS-related stigmatization and discrimination and coping strategies among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) at the anti-retroviral (ARV) Clinic, University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria



Oluwasola Deborah Olusola
  • Oluwasola Deborah Olusola
  • Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Oshiname Olore Fredrick
  • Oshiname Olore Fredrick
  • Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Agofure Otovwe
  • Agofure Otovwe
  • Department of Public and Community Health, Novena University, Ogume, Delta State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Oluwasola Olayiwola Abideen
  • Oluwasola Olayiwola Abideen
  • Department of Pathology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 15 September 2017  Accepted: 06 October 2017  Published: 30 November 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of HIV/AIDS related stigmatization, discrimination and coping strategies among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) at University College Hospital Ibadan. The study adopted a descriptive cross-sectional study design carried out among 700 PLHIV selected using a systematic random sampling technique from May to June 2010.  A validated pretested questionnaire was used to collect the data which was analysed using SPSS version 16. The mean age of the respondents was 40.0 ± 9.40 years and more were females (474, 67.70%). About 212 (30.30%) have experienced stigmatization with verbal insult (138, 65.10%), subjection to ridicule (134, 63.20%) and avoidance by friends (89, 42.0%) being the most reported forms of induced stigmatization/discrimination. In addition, there was no significant relationship of experiencing stigmatization/discrimination by gender (P=0.097). However, more females experienced physical assault than male. Strategies adopted by respondents in coping with stigmatization and discrimination were unmoved 376 (53.70%), prayer 321 (45.90%) and ignoring the person 281 (40.10%). The study reported prevalence of various forms of stigmatization and discrimination against PLHIV. Therefore, there is need for more awareness campaign in communities on the dangers of HIV-related stigmatization and discrimination on the health of PLHIV.

Key words: Social discrimination, perception, stigmatization, social support, HIV/AIDS.

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APA Oluwasola, D. O., Oshiname, O. F., Agofure, Otovwe., & Oluwasola, O. A. (2017). HIV/AIDS-related stigmatization and discrimination and coping strategies among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) at the anti-retroviral (ARV) Clinic, University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria. Journal of AIDS and HIV Research, 9(11), 209-219.
Chicago Oluwasola Deborah Olusola, Oshiname Olore Fredrick, Agofure Otovwe and Oluwasola Olayiwola Abideen. "HIV/AIDS-related stigmatization and discrimination and coping strategies among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) at the anti-retroviral (ARV) Clinic, University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria." Journal of AIDS and HIV Research 9, no. 11 (2017): 209-219.
MLA Oluwasola Deborah Olusola, et al. "HIV/AIDS-related stigmatization and discrimination and coping strategies among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) at the anti-retroviral (ARV) Clinic, University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria." Journal of AIDS and HIV Research 9.11 (2017): 209-219.
   
DOI 10.5897/JAHR2017.0451
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JAHR/article-abstract/11F965466635

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