Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
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Article Number - B48872166637


Vol.9(11), pp. 220-232 , November 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2017.0447
ISSN: 2141-2359



Full Length Research Paper

Determinants of condom use at last sex by South African construction workers



Paul Bowen
  • Paul Bowen
  • Department of Construction Economics and Management, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Rajen Govender
  • Rajen Govender
  • Violence, Injury and Peace Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, and Department of Sociology, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Peter Edwards
  • Peter Edwards
  • School of Property, Construction and Project Management, RMIT University, GPO Box 2476, Melbourne 3001, Australia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 21 August 2017  Accepted: 06 October 2017  Published: 30 November 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Due to its fragmented nature, the typically remote location of project sites and considerable reliance upon migrant workers, the construction industry in South Africa is adversely affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The correct and consistent use of condoms is critical to combatting the spread of infection and reinfection. The demographic, behavioural and AIDS-related knowledge determinants of condom use at last sexual encounter were investigated in a survey of 512 site-based construction workers in the Western Cape Province. Half of all survey participants reported not having used a condom at last sexual encounter. Respondents most likely to have not used a condom were predominantly ‘Black’ African, single, in the 27 to 36 and 37 to 49 years old age groups, and those engaging in risky sexual behavior. Gender, education, employment position, alcohol consumption and cannabis (‘dagga’) use were not found to be significantly related to condom use, nor was the extent of workers’ AIDS-related knowledge. Workplace interventions by employers (in response to requests by the South African government for greater private sector involvement), whilst focusing on all employees, should concentrate their efforts on identifying and targeting those demographic sub-populations that are at greatest risk for lack of condom use. Particular attention should be given to construction workers who are migratory (rural to urban work-seekers), working on sites in remote areas, or working in environments where the appeal and likelihood of risky sexual behavior are anticipated to be greatest.

Key words: Condom use, construction workers, South Africa.

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APA Bowen, P., Govender, R., & Edwards, P. (2017). Determinants of condom use at last sex by South African construction workers. Journal of AIDS and HIV Research, 9(11), 220-232.
Chicago Paul Bowen, Rajen Govender and Peter Edwards. "Determinants of condom use at last sex by South African construction workers." Journal of AIDS and HIV Research 9, no. 11 (2017): 220-232.
MLA Paul Bowen, Rajen Govender and Peter Edwards. "Determinants of condom use at last sex by South African construction workers." Journal of AIDS and HIV Research 9.11 (2017): 220-232.
   
DOI 10.5897/JAHR2017.0447
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JAHR/article-abstract/B48872166637

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