Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 258

Full Length Research Paper

Predictors of HIV/AIDS preventive behavior among college students in Gambella town, Southwest Ethiopia using health belief model

Abraham Tamirat Gizaw
  • Abraham Tamirat Gizaw
  • Department of Health Education and Behavioral sciences, Institute of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia.
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Getachew Kiros Abreha
  • Getachew Kiros Abreha
  • Department of Health Education and Behavioral sciences, Institute of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia.
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Tesfaye Legesse
  • Tesfaye Legesse
  • Department of Health Education and Behavioral sciences, Institute of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia.
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Hailemariam Hailesilassie
  • Hailemariam Hailesilassie
  • Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 22 December 2016
  •  Accepted: 26 May 2017
  •  Published: 28 February 2018

Abstract

Safer sex behaviors (sexual abstinence, correct and consistent condom usage) are important for prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS among college students. The purpose of this article was to review studies addressing determinants of safer sex behaviors among college students. In Ethiopia little or no data existed on the preventive behaviors of HIV/AIDS among college students. Therefore, this study aimed to assess HIV/AIDS preventive behavior and associated factors among college students in Gambella town. An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted from 2nd to 4th March, 2015 using self-administered questioners. Pretest was conducted before the actual data collection and reliability test was performed. EPI DATA version 3.1 and SPSS version 21 software were used for data entry and analysis, respectively. Descriptive statistics were computed and a multivariate logistic regression model was fitted. P-value less than 0.05 were used to declare statistical significance. 670 college students participated in this study. The study identified that, 72.1% of the students had HIV/AIDS preventive behaviors. Among sexually active students, 83(30.6%) were using condom consistently in the last 12 month and 59.7% of the college students had no sexual intercourse. Being engaged in HIV/AIDS, preventive behavior was determined by age ≤19 years (AOR=1.89, 95% CI: 1.29, 2.77), good HIV related knowledge (AOR=2.48, 95% CI: 1.46, 4.09) and drinking alcohol (AOR=0.51, 95% CI: 0.35, 0.73). High perceived severity toward HIV/AIDS and high perceived benefit of engaging in HIV/AIDS preventive behavior (using of condom) also predicted HIV/AIDS preventive behavior (AOR=1.65, 95% CI: 1.12, 2.59) and (AOR=2.35, 95% CI: 1.36, 2.93), respectively. HIV/AIDS preventive behavior of college students in Gambella was high. However, inconsistent condom use among sexually active students was highly practiced. Age, knowledge of HIV/AIDS preventive behavior, alcohol use, perceived severity and benefit had a significant effect on HIV/AIDS preventive behavior of the college students.
 
Key words: HIV/AIDS, college students, health belief model.