Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Subscribe to JAHR
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - F29FD6041770


Vol.5(12), pp. 472-478 , December 2013
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2013.0278
ISSN: 2141-2359



Full Length Research Paper

HIV/AIDS knowledge of high school adolescents in Kenya


Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda




Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, 50 Holzner Road, Pinetown 3610, South Africa.


Email: tsmwamwenda@yahoo.com






 Accepted: 06 November 2013  Published: 31 December 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The primary purpose of this investigation was to assess the level of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) knowledge of high school adolescents in Kenya. As a subsidiary, objective of the investigation was to determine whether there was transfer of knowledge between boys and girls regarding their sexual behaviour. The results showed that adolescent high school students have a high level of knowledge of HIV/AIDS and that such knowledge transfers to the sexual relationship between boys and girls. The sample of the study consisted of 157 participants attending two high schools in Nairobi. Participants were administered a questionnaire based on HIV/AIDS transmission, infection and prevention. The method of data analysis used were frequencies, percentage and the chi-squared test. The study concluded that, even though the level of HIV/AIDS knowledge was high, there were identified misconceptions which would further justify the continued promotion of public education regarding HIV/AIDS. Unlike similar studies, this study found a correlation between knowledge and the transfer of this knowledge to change of behaviour. This study shows that public education does produce dividends in the prevention of HIV/AIDS transmission and the spread of the epidemic worldwide.

Key words: Avoidance, epidemic, infection, invulnerability, learning transfer, misconception, physical contact, transmission, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS).

African Population and Health Research Center (2009) Policy brief: Protecting in-school adolescents from HIV/AIDS, STI and unwanted pregnancy. Online at: www.realising.rights.org/docs/newsletter/adolescents policy brief finalpdf (2)pdf [Accessed 20 April 2012].
 
AIDS (2010). A basic introduction. Online at: www.belstat.be/viewst.asp?UserID=halcyon. [accessed 25 April 2013].
 
Ayopo JM (2007). Exploring Nigerian adolescent students perceptions of HIV/AIDS and their attitudes to prevention methods: A psycho of educational perspective. Online at: http:/hdl.handle.net/10500/3039nal pdf (2) pdf [Accessed 15 May 2012].
 
Durojaiye CO (2009). Knowledge, perception and behaviour of Nigerian youths on HIV/AIDS. The Internet J. Health 9(1).
 
McManus A, Dhar L (2008). Adolescents and their perception of HIV/AIDS. Bio-Medical Central Women's Health 8(12).
 
Ebeniro CD (2010). Knowledge and Beliefs about HIV/AIDS among male and female Students of Nigerian Universities. J. Comp. Res. Anthropol. Sociol. 1(1)121-131.
 
Ericksson T, Sonesson A, Isacsson A (1997). HIV/AIDS information and knowledge: A comparative study of Kenyan and Swedish teenagers. Scandinavian J. Public Health 25(2)111-118.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/140349489702500208
 
Facente A (2001). Adolescents and HIV: knowledge, behaviours, influences, and risk perceptions. J. School Nurs. 17(4)198-203
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/10598405010170040501
PMid:11885323
 
Jankie D, Garegae K, Tshako G (2011). Using focus group interviews to research adolescents' beliefs and perceptions of sex, sexuality, HIV and AIDS in educational settings: Methodological successes and challenges. Int. J. Sci. Res. Educ. 4(2)131-141.
 
Njogu W, Martin TC (2003). The persisting gap between HIV/AIDS knowledge and perception among Kenyan youth. GENUS 62(2)135-168
 
Kabiru W, Orpinas P (2009a). Factors associated with sexual activity among high school students in Nairobi, Kenya. J. Adolescence 32(4)1023-1039
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2008.08.001
PMid:18851878
 
Kabiru CW, Orpinas P (2009b). Correlates of condom use among male high school students in Nairobi, Kenya. J. School Health 29(9)425-432.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2009.00430.x
PMid:19691717
 
Kamala BA, Aboud S (2006). Knowledge, attitudes and practices on HIV prevention among secondary school students in Bukoba rural, Kagera Region,_Tanzania. Dar es Salaam Medical Students Health J. 14(1)14-18.
 
Kibombo R, Neema S, Ahmed F (2007) Adolescents and their percep-tions of HIV/AIDS. Afr. J. Reprod. Health 11(3)168-181.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/25549738
PMid:18458740 PMCid:PMC2367132
 
Lenono PR (2007). Lovelife counsellors' perceptions of the impact of HIV and AIDS on the sexual conduct of adolescents. Online at: http:/hdl.handle.net/10539/2202 [Accessed 10 June 2012].
 
Macintyre M, Rutenberg N, Brown L, Karim A (2004) Understanding perceptions of HIV risk among adolescents in KwaZulu-Natal. AIDS and Behaviour 8(3)237-250.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:AIBE.0000044072.71361.b3
PMid:15475673
 
McManus A, Dhar L (2008). Adolescents and their perception of HIV/AIDS. Bio-Medical Central Women's Health 8(12).
 
Milanzi MA, Komba GV (2005). HIV/AIDS in higher learning institutions in Tanzania: An assessment of attitude towards voluntary counselling and testing among university students. Online at: publications ossrea net/index.php? optionz. [Accessed 01 April 2013].
 
Mwale M (2008). Adolescent risk perception vis-A-isa HIV/AIDS. Psychol. Dev. Soc. 20(2)229-240.
 
Mwamwenda TS (2004). Educational Psychology: An African Perspective. Johannesburg, Heinemann.
 
Naswa S, Marfatia YS (2010) Adolescents' and HIV/AIDS. Indian J. Sexually Transmitted Dis. AIDS 31(1)1-10.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0253-7184.68993
PMid:21808429 PMCid:PMC3140141
 
Njogu W, Martin TC (2003). The persisting gap between HIV/AIDS knowledge and perception among Kenyan youth. GENUS 62(2)135-168.
 
Opt, S., Loffredo, D., Knowlas, L. & Fletcherc, College Students and HIVAIDS: College Students and HIV/AIDS. A Comparison of Non- Traditional and Traditional Student Perspectives. J. American College Health. 56(2)165-174
http://dx.doi.org/10.3200/JACH.56.2.165-174
PMid:17967763
 
Singh A, Jain S (2009). Awareness of HIV/AIDS Among School Adoescens in Bamaskanethax District of Gujarat. Health and Population: Perspectives and Issues. 32(2)59-65.
 
Summerfield L (1990). Adolescents and AIDS. Online at: http://www.hi-ho.ne...7/refer/Summer.txt. [Accessed 25 April 2013].
 
Sutton MY, Hardnett FP, Wright P, Wahi S, Pathak S, Warren-Jeanpiere L, Jones S (2011). HIV/AIDS knowledge sccores and perceptions of risk among African American students attending historically Black colleges/universities. Public Health Reports 126(5)653-63.
PMid:21886325 PMCid:PMC3151182
 
Szekeres G (2000) HIV/AIDS in adolescence. Online at: www.thebody.com/content/art2569.html. [Accessed 15 May 2012].
 
Wikipedia (2013). Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Online at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIV/AIDS. [Accessed 25 April 2013].

 


APA (2013). HIV/AIDS knowledge of high school adolescents in Kenya. Journal of AIDS and HIV Research, 5(12), 472-478.
Chicago Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda. "HIV/AIDS knowledge of high school adolescents in Kenya." Journal of AIDS and HIV Research 5, no. 12 (2013): 472-478.
MLA Tuntufye Selemani Mwamwenda. "HIV/AIDS knowledge of high school adolescents in Kenya." Journal of AIDS and HIV Research 5.12 (2013): 472-478.
   
DOI 10.5897/JAHR2013.0278
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JAHR/article-abstract/F29FD6041770

Subscription Form