African Journal of Bacteriology Research
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Article Number - 812841B5863


Vol.1(1), pp. 001-005 , April 2009

ISSN: 2006-9871



Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence and seasonality of fowl typhoid disease in Zaria-Kaduna State, Nigeria


I. J. Mbuko, M. A. Raji*, J. Ameh, L. Saidu, W. I. Musa and P. A. Abdul




Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, P. O. Box 1044, Samaru-Zaria, Kaduna State-Nigeria.


Email: rajmash2002@yahoo.com






 Accepted: 09 April 2009  Published: 30 April 2009

Copyright © 2009 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


A five years retrospective study (2003 - 2007) of the prevalence of fowl typhoid (FT) and other poultry diseases diagnosed at the avian unit of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital (VTH), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Kaduna State, Nigeria was conducted. A prevalence rate of 18.4% (129 cases) was recorded for FT out of 700 cases of poultry disease. The highest number of outbreaks of FT was recorded during the rainy season (July - September). 48 cases (29.1%) of FT were recorded in birds 15 weeks and above, 124 cases (18.4%) in layers and only two cases (16.7%) in turkeys. Outbreaks of FT were closely associated with age, type and poultry species of birds (P < 0.05). The outbreaks of FT were also observed to be 3.1 times more likely to occur in December, 2.4 and 1.3 times more likely to occur in birds of 15 weeks and above and 1 - 5 weeks of age respectively. It was concluded from the study that FT is more commonly reported in the chicken than other poultry species and adult birds (>15 weeks) are more susceptible to the disease in Zaria, Nigeria. This study recommends that poultry farmers should be encouraged to practice prompt and regular vaccination of layers against fowl typhoid disease.

 

Key words: Salmonella enterica serovars Gallinarium, chicken, Nigeria.


APA (2009). Prevalence and seasonality of fowl typhoid disease in Zaria-Kaduna State, Nigeria. African Journal of Bacteriology Research, 1(1), 001-005.
Chicago I. J. Mbuko, M. A. Raji, J. Ameh, L. Saidu, W. I. Musa and P. A. Abdul. "Prevalence and seasonality of fowl typhoid disease in Zaria-Kaduna State, Nigeria." African Journal of Bacteriology Research 1, no. 1 (2009): 001-005.
MLA I. J. Mbuko, et al. "Prevalence and seasonality of fowl typhoid disease in Zaria-Kaduna State, Nigeria." African Journal of Bacteriology Research 1.1 (2009): 001-005.
   
DOI
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JBR/article-abstract/812841B5863

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