Journal of Cell and Animal Biology
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Article Number - 29701AF62093


Vol.10(4), pp. 22-29 , December 2016
DOI: 10.5897/JCAB2016.0449
ISSN: 1996-0867



Full Length Research Paper

Sheep and goats pasteurellosis: Isolation, identification, biochemical characterization and prevalence determination in Fogera Woreda, Ethiopia



Tewodros Alemneh*
  • Tewodros Alemneh*
  • Woreta City Office of Agriculture and Environmental Protection, S/Gondar, Woreta, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Annania Tewodros
  • Annania Tewodros
  • Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gondar, P.O. Box: 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 24 June 2016  Accepted: 18 October 2016  Published: 31 December 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


A cross sectional study was carried out on pasteurellosis of small ruminants in Fogera Woreda, Ethiopia. The objectives of this research were isolation and characterization of the bacterial species by culture and biochemical testes, and determining the prevalence in apparently pneumonic small ruminants. Out of the total 988 samples examined, 322 were detected positive for pasteurella with an overall infection rate of 32.6%. Of which, 180 (55.9%) were from nasal swabs and 142 (44.1%) were from blood samples. Accordingly, 79.5% of the isolates were Mannheimia haemolytica and 20.5% were Pasteurella multocida. Significantly (p<0.05) higher prevalence was detected in sheep (37.1%), females (36.42%), young (52.97%), and extensively managed ruminants (38.15%) than those in goats (21.9%), males (25.29%), adults (21.26%) and semi-intensive production systems (17.18%), respectively. Similarly, the frequency of infection was significantly (p<0.05) higher in winter (48.6%) and spring (32.85%) as compared to autumn (23.79%) and summer (19.67%). In conclusion, this finding showed that the disease is highly prevalent in the study area. Thus, an integrated application of vaccination and overall management measures should be implemented to prevent and control the disease in animals.

Key words: Pasteurellosis, Isolation, Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Sheep and Goats, Identification, Fogera, Ethiopia.

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APA Alemneh, T., & Tewodros, A. (2016). Sheep and goats pasteurellosis: Isolation, identification, biochemical characterization and prevalence determination in Fogera Woreda, Ethiopia. Journal of Cell and Animal Biology, 10(4), 22-29.
Chicago Tewodros Alemneh and Annania Tewodros. "Sheep and goats pasteurellosis: Isolation, identification, biochemical characterization and prevalence determination in Fogera Woreda, Ethiopia." Journal of Cell and Animal Biology 10, no. 4 (2016): 22-29.
MLA Tewodros Alemneh and Annania Tewodros. "Sheep and goats pasteurellosis: Isolation, identification, biochemical characterization and prevalence determination in Fogera Woreda, Ethiopia." Journal of Cell and Animal Biology 10.4 (2016): 22-29.
   
DOI 10.5897/JCAB2016.0449
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JCAB/article-abstract/29701AF62093

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