Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
Subscribe to JCECT
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 97BC2B264932


Vol.8(6), pp. 59-66 , July 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JCECT2017.0450
ISSN: 2141-2634



Full Length Research Paper

Study of brick mortar using sawdust as partial replacement for sand



Jonathan Sasah
  • Jonathan Sasah
  • Department of Civil Engineering, KAAF University College, Budumbura, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Charles K. Kankam
  • Charles K. Kankam
  • Department of Civil Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 11 April 2017  Accepted: 12 June 2017  Published: 31 July 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The paper reports results of study on standard masonry mortar containing sand and sawdust as aggregates in a mix proportion of 1:3 and water-cement ratio of 0.55. A modified mortar of same design mix proportion (1:3) but varying water/cement ratio and constant slump of 74.3 mm to achieve higher workability was also evaluated. Six different percentages (5, 10, 15, 20, 30 and 50%) of sand replacement were investigated. The flexural tensile strength, compressive strength, dry density, masonry wallet compressive strength, water absorption and slump were evaluated. The British code recommended masonry wallet compressive strength of 5.3 N/mm2 was achieved with 8 and 13% sawdust contents in the standard and modified mortars, respectively. Such mortars can be used as jointing and rendering materials on interior walls of buildings where water absorption by the mortar would be reduced.

Key words: Sawdust, mortar, wallet, masonry compressive strength, water absorption.

Acheampong A, Kankam CK, Ayarkwa J (2016). Shear behaviour of palm kernel shell reinforced concrete beams without shear Reinforcement: Influence of beam depth and tension steel. J. Civil Eng. Constr. Technol. 7:8-19.
Crossref

 

Adeagbo DO (1999). Effect of Water-Cement Ratio on the Properties of Sandcrete Cubes when Artially Replaced with Sawdust. J. Eng. Sci. 3:187-192.

 
 

Afshinnia K, Rangaraju PR (2016). Impact of combined use of ground glass powder and crushed glass aggregate on selected properties of Portland cement concrete. Constr. Build. Mater. 117:263-272.
Crossref

 
 

Ali M, Li X, Chouw N (2013). Experimental investigations on bond strength between coconut fibre and concrete. Mater. Des. 44:596-605.
Crossref

 
 

Alnuaimi AS (2012). Effects of Copper Slag as a Replacement for Fine Aggregate on the Behavior and Ultimate Strength of Reinforced Concrete Slender Columns 90-102.

 
 

Antiohos SK, Papadakis VG, Tsimas S (2014). Rice husk ash (RHA) effectiveness in cement and concrete as a function of reactive silica and fineness. Cem. Concr. Res. 61:20-27.
Crossref

 
 

Basar HM, Deveci AN (2012). The effect of waste foundry sand (WFS) as partial replacement of sand on the mechanical, leaching and micro-structural characteristics of ready-mixed concrete. Constr. Build. Mater. 35:508-515.
Crossref

 
 

Berra M, Mangialardi T, Paolini AE (2015). Reuse of woody biomass fly ash in cement-based materials. Constr. Build. Mater. 76:286-296.
Crossref

 
 

Cheah CB, Ramli M (2011). The implementation of wood waste ash as a partial cement replacement material in the production of structural grade concrete and mortar: An overview. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 55:669-685.
Crossref

 
 

Dehwah HAF (2012). Corrosion resistance of self-compacting concrete incorporating quarry dust powder, silica fume and fly ash. Constr. Build. Mater. Non Destructive Techniques for Assessment of Concrete 37:277-282.

 
 

Dilip K, Smita S, Neetesh K, Ashish G (2014). Low Cost Construction Material for Concrete as Sawdust. Glob. J. Res. Eng. 14:4.

 
 

Galetakis M, Piperidi C, Vasiliou A, Alevizos G, Steiakakis E, Komnitsas K, Soultana A (2016). Experimental investigation of the utilization of quarry dust for the production of microcement-based building elements by self-flowing molding casting. Constr. Build. Mater. 107:247-254.
Crossref

 
 

Gameiro F, de Brito J, Correia da Silva D (2014). Durability performance of structural concrete containing fine aggregates from waste generated by marble quarrying industry. Eng. Struct. 59:654-662.
Crossref

 
 

Gastaldi D, Canonico F, Capelli L, Buzzi L, Boccaleri E, Irico S (2015). An investigation on the recycling of hydrated cement from concrete demolition waste. Cem. Concr. Compos. 61:29-35.
Crossref

 
 

Horsakulthai V, Phiuvanna S, Kaenbud W (2011). Investigation on the corrosion resistance of bagasse-rice husk-wood ash blended cement concrete by impressed voltage. Constr. Build. Mater. 25:54-60.
Crossref

 
 

Jelle M, Prachi S, Ria K (2001). Sokoban Wood Village Project in Kumasi, Ghana.

 
 

Lei W, Deng Y, Zhou M, Xuan L, Feng Q, 2006. Mechanical properties of nano SiO2 filled gypsum particleboard. Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 16:361-364.
Crossref

 
 

Mehta PK, Monteiro PJM (2006). Concrete-Microstructure, Properties, and Materials. McGraw-Hill Publishing, 2006.

 
 

Qasrawi H, Shalabi F, Asi I (2009). Use of low CaO unprocessed steel slag in concrete as fine aggregate. Constr. Build. Mater. 23:1118-1125.
Crossref

 
 

Ramos T, Matos AM, Sousa-Coutinho J (2013). Mortar with wood waste ash: Mechanical strength carbonation resistance and ASR expansion. Constr. Build. Mater. 49:343-351.
Crossref

 
 

Rashad AM (2016). A comprehensive overview about recycling rubber as fine aggregate replacement in traditional cementitious materials. Int. J. Sustain. Built Environ. 5:46-82.
Crossref

 
 

Sarkar M, Asaduzzaman M, Das AK, Hannan MO, Shams MI (2012). Mechanical properties and dimensional stability of cement bonded particleboard from rice husk and sawdust. Bangladesh J. Sci. Ind. Res. 47:273-278.
Crossref

 
 

Shafigh P, Mahmud H, Jumaat MZ, Ahmmad R, Bahri S (2014). Structural lightweight aggregate concrete using two types of waste from the palm oil industry as aggregate. J. Cleaner Prod. 80:187-196.
Crossref

 
 

Shen W, Yang Z, Cao L, Cao L, Liu Y, Yang H, Lu Z, Bai J (2016). Characterization of manufactured sand: Particle shape, surface texture and behavior in concrete. Constr. Build. Mater. 114:595-601.
Crossref

 
 

Singh M, Siddique R (2014). Compressive strength, drying shrinkage and chemical resistance of concrete incorporating coal bottom ash as partial or total replacement of sand. Constr. Build. Mater. 68:39-48.
Crossref

 
 

Torkaman J, Ashori A, Sadr Momtazi A (2014). Using wood fiber waste, rice husk ash, and limestone powder waste as cement replacement materials for lightweight concrete blocks. Constr. Build. Mater. 50:432-436.
Crossref

 
 

Turgut P (2007). Cement composites with limestone dust and different grades of wood sawdust. Build. Environ. 42:3801-3807.
Crossref

 
 

Yong C, Wen Y, Chaoyong Z, Huanhuan L, Jian H (2013). The implementation of waste sawdust in concrete. Engineering 5(12):943-947.
Crossref

 

 


APA Sasah, J., & Kankam, C. K. (2017). Study of brick mortar using sawdust as partial replacement for sand. Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology, 8(6), 59-66.
Chicago Jonathan Sasah and Charles K. Kankam. "Study of brick mortar using sawdust as partial replacement for sand." Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology 8, no. 6 (2017): 59-66.
MLA Jonathan Sasah and Charles K. Kankam. "Study of brick mortar using sawdust as partial replacement for sand." Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology 8.6 (2017): 59-66.
   
DOI 10.5897/JCECT2017.0450
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JCECT/article-abstract/97BC2B264932

Subscription Form