Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
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Article Number - AD04D2A58650


Vol.7(3), pp. 20-27 , April 2016
DOI: 10.5897/JCECT2015.0395
ISSN: 2141-2634



Full Length Research Paper

Effects of Cissus populnea gum and rubber latex on physico-mechanical properties of cement-bonded rattan composites



Abel Olajide Olorunnisola
  • Abel Olajide Olorunnisola
  • Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Afeez Kolawole Asimiyu
  • Afeez Kolawole Asimiyu
  • Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 19 December 2015  Accepted: 13 April 2016  Published: 30 April 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


In this study, the effects of partial replacement of ordinary Portland cement with natural polymers on selected physical and mechanical properties of cement-bonded rattan composites was investigated. Fibrous particles of Laccosperma secundiflorum rattan cane species were mixed with cement mortar at two levels, that is, 2.5 and 5.0%. For experimentation, Portland cement was partially replaced at four levels, first with Cissus populnea gum (0, 10, 20, and 30%) and then natural rubber latex (0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10%). All test specimens were prepared and tested in accordance with ISO 8335 standard. Results obtained showed that the moisture content, density, water absorption, thickness, and bending strength of the composites met the minimum standard requirements, except for samples produced using 30% C. populnea and 5% rattan fibre that fell short of the 9 N/mm2 minimum bending strength requirement. Partial replacement of cement with the two polymers resulted in a general increase in density. Analyses of variance showed that C. populnea gum had a significant effect (p<5%) on water absorption after 24 h of immersion, while natural rubber latex and C. populnea gum had significant effects on thickness swelling at 2 and 24 h of immersion, respectively. Also, C. populnea gum and rattan fibre contents had significant effects on the bending strength of the composites. It was concluded that Portland cement could be partially replaced with up to 20% of C. populnea gum or up to 2.5% of rubber latex in rattan-cement composite manufacture without adverse effects on the basic composite properties tested.

 

Key words: Rattan cane, Cissus populnea, rubber latex, cement, composites.

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APA Olorunnisola, A. O., & Asimiyu, A. K. (2016). Effects of Cissus populnea gum and rubber latex on physico-mechanical properties of cement-bonded rattan composites. Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology, 7(3), 20-27.
Chicago Abel Olajide Olorunnisola and Afeez Kolawole Asimiyu. "Effects of Cissus populnea gum and rubber latex on physico-mechanical properties of cement-bonded rattan composites." Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology 7, no. 3 (2016): 20-27.
MLA Abel Olajide Olorunnisola and Afeez Kolawole Asimiyu. "Effects of Cissus populnea gum and rubber latex on physico-mechanical properties of cement-bonded rattan composites." Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology 7.3 (2016): 20-27.
   
DOI 10.5897/JCECT2015.0395
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JCECT/article-abstract/AD04D2A58650

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