Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
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Article Number - 30CDCB740104


Vol.4(6), pp. 72-79 , September 2013
DOI: 10.5897/JCEMS2013.0164
ISSN: 2141-6605



Full Length Research Paper

Production of biolubricant from Jatropha curcas seed oil



Bilal S
  • Bilal S
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Mohammed-Dabo I. A
  • Mohammed-Dabo I. A
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Nuhu M
  • Nuhu M
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Kasim, S. A
  • Kasim, S. A
  • Centre for Energy Research and Training, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Almustapha I. H
  • Almustapha I. H
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Yamusa Y. A
  • Yamusa Y. A
  • Centre for Energy Research and Training, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Accepted: 28 August 2013  Published: 30 September 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Extracted Jatropha oil was analyzed for their chemical and physical properties such as density, acid value, % FFA, saponification value as well as viscosities at 40 and 100oC and viscosity index. The result of the analyses of the Jatropha oil reveals that it has a very high %FFA (14.6%). Reduction was achieved by esterification with methanol (to 0.44%). The method employed for the production of biolubricant involved two stages transesterification process, the first stage produced methyl ester of the oil and in the second stage; the methyl ester was transesterified with ethylene glycol to produce the biolubricant. Major lubricating properties of the product such as pour point, viscosities at 40°C and at 100°C, and the viscosity index were analyzed and found to have value of -7°C, 55.22 cSt, 10.96 cSt and 195.22 respectively. It was found that the biolubricant produced is comparable to the ISO VG-46 commercial standards for light and industrial gears applications and other plant based biolubricant.

 

Key words: Jatropha oil, esterification, transesterification, biolubricant.

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APA (2013). Production of biolubricant from Jatropha curcas seed oil. Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, 4(6), 72-79 .
Chicago Bilal S, Mohammed-Dabo I. A, Nuhu M, Kasim, S. A, Almustapha I. H and Yamusa Y. A         . "Production of biolubricant from Jatropha curcas seed oil." Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science 4, no. 6 (2013): 72-79 .
MLA Bilal S, et al. "Production of biolubricant from Jatropha curcas seed oil." Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science 4.6 (2013): 72-79 .
   
DOI 10.5897/JCEMS2013.0164
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JCEMS/article-abstract/30CDCB740104

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