Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
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Article Number - 46D281B59460


Vol.7(1), pp. 1-10 , July 2016
DOI: 10.5897/JCEMS2015.0235
ISSN: 2141-6605



Full Length Research Paper

The effect of chitosan on physical and mechanical properties of paper



S. Habibie
  • S. Habibie
  • Centre for Technology of Process Industry Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology, Gedung Teknologi 2, Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong Tangerang 15314, Banten, Indonesia.
  • Google Scholar
M. Hamzah
  • M. Hamzah
  • Centre for Technology of Process Industry Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology, Gedung Teknologi 2, Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong Tangerang 15314, Banten, Indonesia.
  • Google Scholar
M. Anggaravidya
  • M. Anggaravidya
  • Centre for Technology of Process Industry Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology, Gedung Teknologi 2, Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong Tangerang 15314, Banten, Indonesia.
  • Google Scholar
E. Kalembang
  • E. Kalembang
  • Centre for Technology of Process Industry Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology, Gedung Teknologi 2, Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong Tangerang 15314, Banten, Indonesia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 18 December 2015  Accepted: 12 April 2016  Published: 31 July 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Chitosan is a natural polymer gotten from shrimp and crab skeleton; chemical structure of chitosan is similar to cellulose where hydroxyl (OH) in glucose molecule in cellulose is replaced by amine (–NH2) in chitosan. From the chemical structure and its properties, chitosan can be used as a filler and adhesive to replace the traditional materials and it will improve several properties of papers such as to increase strength, reduce water absorption, increase smoothness, and probably anti bacteria and anti fungus of the papers. The use of chitosan in paper production can also reduce impact on environment, because chitosan is a natural polymer that is degradable. In this research, chitosan will be applied into paper processing to replace filler and also as an adhesive to increase the properties of the paper. The result shows that low molecular weight chitosan, 1%, can affect the decrease of water absorption property and increase paper strength and the smoothness of the paper.

 

Key words: Chitosan, paper, water absorption, strength, smoothness, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA).

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APA Habibie, S., Hamzah, M., Anggaravidya, M., & Kalembang, E. (2016). The effect of chitosan on physical and mechanical properties of paper. Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, 7(1), 1-10.
Chicago S. Habibie, M. Hamzah, M. Anggaravidya and E. Kalembang. "The effect of chitosan on physical and mechanical properties of paper." Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science 7, no. 1 (2016): 1-10.
MLA S. Habibie, et al. "The effect of chitosan on physical and mechanical properties of paper." Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science 7.1 (2016): 1-10.
   
DOI 10.5897/JCEMS2015.0235
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JCEMS/article-abstract/46D281B59460

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