Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Subscribe to JCEMS
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - BD881E348240


Vol.5(6), pp. 63-67 , October 2014
DOI: 10.5897/JCEMS2014.0186
ISSN: 2141-6605



Full Length Research Paper

Effect of dioctyl phthalate (DOP) modified matrix on the thermal stability of glass fiber reinforced composite



Muhammed Tijani Isa
  • Muhammed Tijani Isa
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
  • Google Scholar
Abdulkarim Salawu Ahmed
  • Abdulkarim Salawu Ahmed
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Benjamin Olufemi Aderemi
  • Benjamin Olufemi Aderemi
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
  • Google Scholar
Razaina Mat Taib
  • Razaina Mat Taib
  • School of Materials and Mineral Resources, University of Sains Malaysia, 14300, Nibong Tebal Penang, Malaysia.
  • Google Scholar
Hazizan Md Akil
  • Hazizan Md Akil
  • School of Materials and Mineral Resources, University of Sains Malaysia, 14300, Nibong Tebal Penang, Malaysia.
  • Google Scholar
Ibrahim Ali Mohammed-Dabo
  • Ibrahim Ali Mohammed-Dabo
  • Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 20 August 2014  Accepted: 18 September 2014  Published: 31 October 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Unsaturated polyester was modified with dioctyl phthalate (DOP) and used as matrix in glass fiber reinforced composite. The effect on the thermal stability of the composite was studied in this work. The results of the modification showed that modified matrix had the best thermal stability at 5 wt% DOP with temperature of 373°C at 20% weight loss as compared with unmodified of temperature of 346°C at the same weight loss. The analysis of the resultant composites also indicated that the composite with modified matrix had better thermal stability having 65% of its weight left at 897°C as compared with unmodified matrix with 53% of its weight at the same temperature. The drop weight impact test conducted did not show any significant difference in the properties of the modified composite and unmodified.
 
Key words: Thermal stability, glass fiber, impact test, unsaturated polyester.

Akter R, Sultana R, Alam MZ, Qadir MR, Ara Begum MH, AbdulGafur M (2013). Fabrication and characterization of woven natural fiber reinforced unsaturated polyester resin composites. Int. J. Engr. Technol. 13(2):122-128.
 
Bakar M, Djaider F (2007). Effect of plasticizers content on the mechanical properties of unsaturated polyester resin. J. Thermoplast. Comp. Mat. 20:53-64.
Crossref
 
Bryson JA (1999). Plastic material, Butterworths Heinemann, Oxford.
 
Cherian AB, Thachil ET (2006). Epoxidised phenolic novalac: A novel modifier for unsaturated polyester resin. J. App. Poly. Sci. 1(100):457- 465.
Crossref
 
Dutra RCL Soares BG, Campos EA, Silva JLG (2000). Hybrid composites based on polypropylene and carbon fiber and epoxy matrix. Polymer 41:3841-3849.
Crossref
 
Hosur MH, Abdullah M, Jeelani S (2005). Studies on the low velocity impact response of woven hybrid composites. Comp. Struc. 67:253-262.
Crossref
 
Huda MS, Drazel LT, Mohanty AK, Misra M (2007). The effect of silane treatment- and untreated-talc on the mechanical and physio-mechanical properties of poly(lacticacid)/newspaper fibers/talc hybrid composites. Comp. Part B. 38:367-379.
Crossref
 
Isa MT, Ahmed AS, Aderemi BO, Taib RM, Mohammed-Dabo IA (2012). Effect of dioctyl phthalate on the properties of unsaturated polyester resin. Int. J. Mat. Sci. 7(1):9-20.
 
Isa MT, Ahmed AS, Aderemi BO, Taib RM, Mohammed-Dabo IA (2013). Effect of fiber type and combinations on the mechanical, physical and thermal stability properties of polyester hybrid composites. Comp. Part B. 52:217-223.
Crossref
 
Kalavenness TM, Reichold AS (2009). Thermal endurance of unreinforced unsaturated polyesters and vinyl ester resin. American Composites Manufacturers Association. Comp. Polycon, Tampa, FL, USA.
 
Mangalgiri PD (2005). Polymer- matrix composites for high-temperature applications. Def. Sci. J. 55(2):175-193.
 
Morye SS, Hine PJ, Duckett RA, Carr DJ, Ward IM (2000). Modeling the effect of the energy absorption by polymer composites upon ballistic impact. Comp. Sci. Technol. 60:2631-2642.
Crossref
 
Muhi RJ, Najim F, De Moura MFSF (2009). The effect of hybridization on the GFRP behavior under high velocity impact. Comp. Part B. 40:783-803.
Crossref
 
Pukansky B (2005). Interfaces and interphases, in multi component materials: Past, present, future. Europ. Polym. J. 41:645-662.
Crossref
 
Rout J, Misra M, Tripathy SS, Nayak SK, Mohanty AK (2001). The influence of fiber treatment on the performance of coir-polyester composites. Comp. Sci. Technol. 61:1303-1310.
Crossref
 
Saravana BD, Mohan KGC (2013). Thermal properties of maize fiber reinforced unsaturated polyester resin composites. Proceedings of the World Congress of Engineering, 3: London UK
 
Shaker ZG, Browne RM, Stretz HA, Cassidy PE, Blanda MT (2002). Epoxy toughened unsaturated polyester interpenetrating networks. J. App. Polym. Sci. 84:2283-2286.
Crossref
 
Shimaa ME, Reem KF (2012). Mechanical, thermal and barrier properties of unsaturated polyester Nanocomposites based on pet-waste for polymer concrete. Glob. Adv. Res. J. Engr. Technol. Inv. 1(1):016-024.
 
Thanomsilp C, Hogg PJ (2003). Penetration impact resistance of hybrid composites based on commingled yarn fabrics. Comp. Sci. Technol. 63:467-482.
Crossref
 
Wan YZ, Chen GC, Huang Y, Li QY, Zhou FG, Xin JY, Wang YL (2005). Characterization of three- dimensional braided carbon/Kevlar hybrid composites for orthopedic usage. Mat. Sci. Engr. A. 398:227-232.
Crossref
 
Wong WH, Champion SM, Watson CH (2001). The effect of matrix type on the ballistic and mechanical performance of E-glass composite Armour, 19th International symposium of Ballistic. 7-11 May. Interlaken Switzerland, pp.1099-1106.

 


APA Muhammed, T. I., Abdulkarim, S. A., Benjamin, O. A., Razaina, M. T., Hazizan, M. A., & Ibrahim, A. M.D. (2014). Effect of dioctyl phthalate (DOP) modified matrix on the thermal stability of glass fiber reinforced composite. Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, 5(6), 63-67.
Chicago Muhammed Tijani Isa, Abdulkarim Salawu Ahmed, Benjamin Olufemi Aderemi, Razaina Mat Taib, Hazizan Md Akil and Ibrahim Ali Mohammed-Dabo. "Effect of dioctyl phthalate (DOP) modified matrix on the thermal stability of glass fiber reinforced composite." Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science 5, no. 6 (2014): 63-67.
MLA Muhammed Tijani Isa, et al. "Effect of dioctyl phthalate (DOP) modified matrix on the thermal stability of glass fiber reinforced composite." Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science 5.6 (2014): 63-67.
   
DOI 10.5897/JCEMS2014.0186
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JCEMS/article-abstract/BD881E348240

Subscription Form