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Article Number - 270093C10422


Vol.4(6), pp. 76-84 , September 2013
DOI: 10.5897/JCO2013.0112
ISSN: 2141-6591



Full Length Research Paper

Yield response of three groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties intercropped with maize (Zea mays) in the guinea savanna zone of Ghana



Kombiok . M. J.
  • Kombiok . M. J.
  • Savanna Agricultural Research Institute (SARI), Nyankpala, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Asare, E.
  • Asare, E.
  • Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Sarkodie-Addo, J.
  • Sarkodie-Addo, J.
  • Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Konlan S.
  • Konlan S.
  • Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG), New Tafo-Akim, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Bawah, I.
  • Bawah, I.
  • Savanna Agricultural Research Institute (SARI), Nyankpala, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar







 Accepted: 28 August 2013  Published: 30 September 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


A field experiment was conducted under rain-fed conditions on the research farm of Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, Nyankpala, during the 2007 and 2008 seasons. The objective was to study the response of three new groundnut varieties (Jenkaar, Kpanieli and Nkosuor) to row intercropping with maize. The experiment was laid in randomized complete block design with four replicates. Treatments comprised sole groundnut, sole maize, single row groundnut alternated with single row maize (G1M1), single row groundnut alternated with double row maize (G1M2), double row groundnut alternated with single row maize (G2M1) and double row groundnut alternated with double row maize (G2M2). The population densities of groundnut and maize in the intercrops affected their yield performance. Row intercropping arrangement that encouraged large leaf area in groundnut supported the formation of more pods per plant and subsequently larger dry pod yield. The highest groundnut and maize yields in the intercrop in both years were obtained respectively from G2M1 and G1M2. The G1M1 and G1M2 row intercropping arrangement was therefore the most advantageous in both years, achieving a land equivalent ratio values greater than 1. Combinations of the Kpanieli variety and maize which achieved land equivalent ratio greater than 1 was also more advantageous than intercropping maize with the Jenkaar and Nkosuor varieties in both years.

 

Key words: Guinea savanna, rain-fed, row intercropping, yield performance, land equivalent ratio.

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APA (2013). Yield response of three groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties intercropped with maize (Zea mays) in the guinea savanna zone of Ghana. Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds, 4(6), 76-84.
Chicago Konlan S., Sarkodie-Addo, J., Kombiok . M. J., Asare, E. and Bawah, I.. "Yield response of three groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties intercropped with maize (Zea mays) in the guinea savanna zone of Ghana." Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds 4, no. 6 (2013): 76-84.
MLA Konlan S., et al. "Yield response of three groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties intercropped with maize (Zea mays) in the guinea savanna zone of Ghana." Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds 4.6 (2013): 76-84.
   
DOI 10.5897/JCO2013.0112
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JCO/article-abstract/270093C10422

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