Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Subscribe to JDAE
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 5F08EB260362

Vol.8(9), pp. 193-199 , September 2016
DOI: 10.5897/JDAE2015.0702
ISSN: 2006-9774

Full Length Research Paper

Trends and regional disparity of maize production in India

Birhanu Ayalew*
  • Birhanu Ayalew*
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
I. Sekar
  • I. Sekar
  • Principal Scientist, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India.
  • Google Scholar

 Received: 22 October 2015  Accepted: 20 January 2016  Published: 30 September 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

This study was aimed at investigating trends, instability, and regional variations of maize production in major producing states of India. Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR), Cuddy Della Valley Index (CDVI), and decomposition analysis were used to examine the data ranging from 1980 to 1981 and 2011 to 2012. The study revealed that area under maize in India has increased from 5.89 to 9.19 Mha and production has increased from 6.49 to 21 Mt between the period TE 1981 to 1982 and TE 2011 to 2012. Such increase in production of maize has been possible mainly due to increase in yield from 1,100 to 2,279 kg/ha. For all India, area has expanded at 1.88% per annum between 1982 to 1983 and 2011 to 2012, while yield increased at a rate of 2.28% per annum during the same period. As a result, production of maize has risen by 4.2% per annum. The area expansion of maize was the highest in Maharashtra (9.19%) followed by Karnataka (7.98%). Production increase of maize was also the highest in Maharashtra (12.24%), which is followed by Karnataka (8.48%) and Andhra Pradesh (8.68%). The growth of yield in Andhra Pradesh was the highest (3.99%) followed by Maharashtra (2.80%). The study witnessed that maize is in the winning ground in India at country level more specifically in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar*, Gujarat, MP*, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh* as increase in yield coupled with decline in instability. The decline in instability and increase in yield in these states might be due to the adoption of modern varieties of maize as also evidenced from the decomposition analysis where yield effect was observed to be the major driver of growth in maize production. More over the expansion of maize in the high potential areas might also bring about increase in yield in the country.

Key words: Maize, growth, instability, decomposition, area effect, yield effect.

Ayalew B, Sekar I (2015). Profitability of Coarse Cereals Production in India. Int. Lett. Nat. Sci. 39:10-19.


CIMMYT, IITA (2011). Maize-Global alliance for improved food security and the livelihoods of the resource-poor in the developing world CIAT, ICRISAT, IFPRI, ILRI, IRRI, the World Agroforestry Centre, June 1, 2011. 



Cuddy JDA, Valle PAD (1978). Measuring the instability of time series data. Oxford Bull. Econ. Stat. 40:79-85.


Joshi PK, Singh NP, Singh NN, Gerpacio RV, Pingali PL (2005). Maize in India: Production Systems, Constraints and Research Priorities. CIMMYT, Mexico, DF.


Nirupma SR, Rajendran RA, Shekhar M, Jat SL, Kumar R, Kuma RS (2012). Rabi Maize Opportunities Challenges. Directorate of Maize Research, New Delhi, India pp. 9-32.


Paroda RS, Kumar P (2000). Food, production and demand in South Asia. Agric. Econ. Res. Rev. 13:1-24.


Sharma KL (1977). Measurement of the effect of area, yield and prices in the increase of value of crop output in India. Agric. Situation India 32:349-351.


APA Ayalew, B., & Sekar, I. (2016). Trends and regional disparity of maize production in India. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 8(9), 193-199.
Chicago Birhanu Ayalew and I. Sekar. "Trends and regional disparity of maize production in India." Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 8, no. 9 (2016): 193-199.
MLA Birhanu Ayalew and I. Sekar. "Trends and regional disparity of maize production in India." Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 8.9 (2016): 193-199.
DOI 10.5897/JDAE2015.0702

Subscription Form