Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
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Article Number - AEFB40748138


Vol.6(11), pp. 466-471 , November 2014
DOI: 10.5897/JDAE2013.0572
ISSN: 2006-9774



Full Length Research Paper

Comparative economic analysis of tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta) under irrigation and rainfed systems in selected local government areas of Kogi and Benue States, Nigeria



Josephine Bosede Ayoola
  • Josephine Bosede Ayoola
  • Institute of Food Security, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, P. M. B. 2373, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 31 March 2014  Accepted: 19 August 2014  Published: 01 November 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The study compared the economic performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta) under irrigation and rain fed systems in Bassa and Makurdi Local Government Areas of Kogi and Benue States of Nigeria, with the aim of assessing the determinants of its profitability. Primary data obtained from a sample of 120 farmers by stratified and multi-staged random sampling from four villages were analyzed using percentages, means, gross margin, net profit, Shepherd-future coefficient and exponential regression model of combined profit function. Results revealed gender inequality; all respondents under irrigation system were male, compared to 71.7% female participation under rain fed system. Average net profits were N128,750 and N57,050; and economic efficiencies were 1.380 and 0.986 for irrigated and rain-fed systems respectively. Results also showed that farm size, planting material and herbicide were significant at one and five percent levels, and positively correlated with farmers’ profit; while age and costs of fertilizer and labor were negative. The study concludes that tomato is more profitable and economically efficient under irrigation; and that increased access to land, herbicides, and improved seeds will promote profitability of the crop in the study area. 
 
Key words: Irrigation, rain-fed, tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta), profitability, economic efficiency.

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APA Ayoola, J.B (2014). Comparative economic analysis of tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta) under irrigation and rainfed systems in selected local government areas of Kogi and Benue States, Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 6(11), 466-471.
Chicago Josephine Bosede Ayoola. "Comparative economic analysis of tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta) under irrigation and rainfed systems in selected local government areas of Kogi and Benue States, Nigeria." Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 6, no. 11 (2014): 466-471.
MLA Josephine Bosede Ayoola. "Comparative economic analysis of tomato (Lycopersicon esculenta) under irrigation and rainfed systems in selected local government areas of Kogi and Benue States, Nigeria." Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 6.11 (2014): 466-471.
   
DOI 10.5897/JDAE2013.0572
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JDAE/article-abstract/AEFB40748138

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