Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Subscribe to JDAE
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - FFA1FB564788


Vol.9(7), pp. 190-199 , July 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JDAE2016.0805
ISSN: 2006-9774



Full Length Research Paper

Profitability of apple enterprise among small-holder farmers in South Western Highland Agro-Ecological Zone (SWHAEZ) of Uganda



Ambrose Rwaheru Aheisibwe
  • Ambrose Rwaheru Aheisibwe
  • NARO-Kachwekano Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 421, Kabale, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Joseph Etiang
  • Joseph Etiang
  • NARO-Kachwekano Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 421, Kabale, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Denis Ashaba
  • Denis Ashaba
  • NARO-Kachwekano Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 421, Kabale, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Gerald Kwikiriza
  • Gerald Kwikiriza
  • NARO-Kachwekano Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 421, Kabale, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Rose Mwesige
  • Rose Mwesige
  • NARO-Kachwekano Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 421, Kabale, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Ronald Muhereze
  • Ronald Muhereze
  • NARO-Kachwekano Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 421, Kabale, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Alex Barekye
  • Alex Barekye
  • NARO-Kachwekano Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 421, Kabale, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 20 December 2016  Accepted: 11 April 2017  Published: 31 July 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The study evaluated the socio-economic viability and factors influencing profitability of apple enterprise under smallholder farming system in Uganda. A sample of 52 apple farming households was randomly selected in the districts of Uganda: Kabale, Kisoro, Kanungu and Rukungiri. Data were collected with the use of structured questionnaires, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, gross margin analysis and multiple regression model. The results showed that apples were planted on small scale with only 6% of land allocated to total apple enterprise in 2011. However, land allocation to apple enterprise is increasing and the enterprise currently covers 20% of farm lands. The dominant varieties among apple farmers are Golden Dorset, 56.1% and Anna, 40.9%. Men constituted 74.5% of the apple farmers, while the mean age of apple farmers was 57 years, with an average experience of over 10 years. Gross margin of apple enterprise in Kabale and Kanungu district had a positive ratio of return on investment of 1.5 and 1.7, respectively. Kisoro and Rukungiri districts had a negative ratio of return on investment of (0.9 and 0.3, respectively). Ordinary least squares (OLS) results indicated that the gender of the respondent, family size, access to credit, influence of birds, type of apple variety, number of apple trees planted, amount of labor used and quantity of inorganic fertilizers applied were significant determinants of net income in apple production. There is need to reduce the labor costs in apple establishment and management, promote strategies that encourage the youth to participate in apple farming. Research has to come up with an effective but affordable remedy against the negative influence of birds in apple production. Farmers need to be linked to financial providers for credit access at low interest rate in order to facilitate routine apple management practices.

 

Key words: Apple enterprise, smallholder farmers, gross margin, return on investment.

Ahaibwe G, Mbowa S, Lwanga MM (2013). Youth engagement in agriculture in Uganda: Challenges and prospects. Res. Series 7(106):4-20.

 

Andersen PC, Crocker TE (2000). Low chill apple cultivars for North and North Central Florida. IFAS Extension Services, University of Florida. 

View.

 
 

Chemining'wa G, Mulagoli I, Mwonga S, Ndubi J, Tum J, Turyamureeba G (2005). Kabale apples: Boom or Burst? A study to Develop Strategies to Exploit Market Opportunities for Apple Farmers in Kabale, Uganda pp. 23-24

 
 

Chidi I, Anozie RO, Chinaza N (2015). Analysis of Socio-Economic Factors and Profitability of Rice Production among Smallscale Farmers in Ebonyi State. J. Agric. Vet. Sci. 8:20-27.

 
 

De Janvry A, Sadoulet E, Zhu N (2005). The Role of Non-Farm Incomes in Reducing Rural Poverty and Inequality in China. Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UCB.

 
 

Ellis A, Manuel C, Blackden CM (2006). Gender and Economic Growth in Uganda: Unleashing the Power of Women. Directions in Development; Washington, DC: World Bank.

 
 

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (2016). FAOSTAT Production Database. [2016-3-15].

View.

 
 

FAOSTAT (2013). Food and Agriculture Organization Statistical Database, United Nations, Rome, Italy. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arlington, VA. 18 p.

 
 

Foltz J (2004). Credit Market Constraints and Profitability in Tunisian Agriculture. J. Agric. Econ. 30(3):229-240.
Crossref

 
 

Gujarati DN, Porter DC (2003). Basic Econometrics. McGraw-Hill International Editions: Economic series. Econometrics.
Crossref

 
 

ICRAF (2003b). Temperate Fruits go Tropical: Apples, Peaches, Pears and Plums take to the hills of Uganda. ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya.

 
 

MAAIF (Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries) Report (2012). Proposed Plan to Operationalise the Non-ATAAS Component of the Agriculture Sector Development Strategy and Investment Plan.

 
 

Matsumoto T, Yamano T (2010). The Impacts of Fertilizer Credit on Crop Production and Income in Ethiopia. National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies Discussion Papers 10-23.

 
 

MoFPED (Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development) (2014). The Republic of Uganda Poverty Status Report. Structural Change and Poverty Reduction in Uganda pp. 1-156.

 
 

Namirembe S, Obua J, Nyeko P (2006). Agroforestry for development in Uganda. A Synthesis of Topics Discussed at the 2nd National Agroforestry Workshop, September 2001. Nairobi, Kenya.

 
 

Ntakyo PR, Mugisha J, Elepu G (2013). Socio-economic factors affecting apple production in South-Western Uganda. Afr. Crop Sci. J. 21(4):311-321.

 
 

Oduol JBA, Mithöfer D (2017). Constraints to and Opportunities for Women's Participation in High Value Agricultural Commodity Value Chains in Kenya. Strategies for closing the gender gap. J. Rural Stud. 50:228-239.
Crossref

 
 

Okorie KC, Nkwocha GA, Ndubuisi EC (2011). Implications of Feeding Varying Dietary Levels of Cassava Leaf Meal on Finisher Broilers: Performance, Carcass Haematology and Serological Profiles. Glob. J. Sci. Res. 1:58–66.

 
 

Oluwasola O, Ige AO (2015). Factors Determining the Profitability of Catfish Production in Ibadan. Sustain. Agric. Res. 4(4):57-65.
Crossref

 
 

Sergio F, Newton I, Marchesi L, Pedrini P (2006). Ecologically Justified Charisma: Preservation of top Predators delivers Biodiversity Conservation. J. Appl. Ecol. 43(6):1049-1055.
Crossref

 
 

Wang N, Wolf J, Zhang FS (2016). Towards Sustainable Intensification of Apple Production in China - Yield Gaps and Nutrient use Efficiency in Apple Farming Systems. J. Integr. Agr. 15(4):716-725.
Crossref

 
 

Wagoire W, Kashaija IN (2008). Farming Systems and Livelihood Analysis Survey Report in the South Western Highlands Agro-Ecological Zone (SWHAEZ) of Uganda. NARO, Entebbe, Uganda.

 
 

Wooldridge JM (2004). On the robustness of fixed effects and related estimators in correlated random coefficient panel data models. The institute for fiscal studies department of economics, ucl cemmap working paper CWP04/04.

 

 


APA Aheisibwe, A. R., Etiang, J., Ashaba, D., Kwikiriza, G., Mwesige, R., Muhereze, R., & Barekye, A. (2017). Profitability of apple enterprise among small-holder farmers in South Western Highland Agro-Ecological Zone (SWHAEZ) of Uganda. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 9(7), 190-199.
Chicago Ambrose Rwaheru Aheisibwe, Joseph Etiang, Denis Ashaba, Gerald Kwikiriza, Rose Mwesige, Ronald Muhereze and Alex Barekye. "Profitability of apple enterprise among small-holder farmers in South Western Highland Agro-Ecological Zone (SWHAEZ) of Uganda." Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 9, no. 7 (2017): 190-199.
MLA Ambrose Rwaheru Aheisibwe, et al. "Profitability of apple enterprise among small-holder farmers in South Western Highland Agro-Ecological Zone (SWHAEZ) of Uganda." Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 9.7 (2017): 190-199.
   
DOI 10.5897/JDAE2016.0805
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JDAE/article-abstract/FFA1FB564788

Subscription Form