Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
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Article Number - 377BA5366262


Vol.9(3), pp. 20-42 , September 2017
https://doi.org/10.5897/JECE2017.0405
ISSN: 2141-226X


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Full Length Research Paper

Effects of oil and gas exploration and production activities on production and management of seafood in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria



Udotong J. I. R.
  • Udotong J. I. R.
  • Department of Biochemistry, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Udoudo U. P.
  • Udoudo U. P.
  • Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Environmental Management, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Udotong I. R.
  • Udotong I. R.
  • Department of Microbiology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 22 February 2017  Accepted: 22 August 2017  Published: 30 September 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The current daily crude oil production in Nigeria stands at about 2.0 million barrels per day thus placing Nigeria as the 6th largest oil producing country in the world. Volumes of petroleum and its production wastes streams find their way into the inland waters and oceans. Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans including edible sea seaweeds and microalgae widely eaten as seafood, especially in Asia. "Seafood" is extended to fresh water organisms eaten by humans. Effects of petroleum exploration and production (E and P) activities on seafood are enormous and range from poor seafood health to extinction due to non-spawning and death as a result of pollution. Petroleum E and P activities and their influences on production and management of seafood in Nigeria is herein reviewed showing some field observations and research findings justifying the influences. The impacts of petroleum E and P activities on the production and management of seafood in Nigeria is partly due to non-integration of biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) into petroleum E and P operations and partly due to non-enforcement of existing legal framework as a result of duplicity and overlap of functions of regulatory agencies and lack of political will power.

Key words: Petroleum activities, seafood, environmental pollution, oil spills, regulatory framework.

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APA Udotong, J. I. R., Udoudo, U. P., & Udotong, I. R. (2017). Effects of oil and gas exploration and production activities on production and management of seafood in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, 9(3), 20-42.
Chicago Udotong J. I. R., Udoudo U. P. and Udotong I. R.. "Effects of oil and gas exploration and production activities on production and management of seafood in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria." Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology 9, no. 3 (2017): 20-42.
MLA Udotong J. I. R., Udoudo U. P. and Udotong I. R.. "Effects of oil and gas exploration and production activities on production and management of seafood in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria." Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology 9.3 (2017): 20-42.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/JECE2017.0405
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JECE/article-abstract/377BA5366262

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