Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
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Article Number - 720A1BB66444


Vol.9(4), pp. 43-53 , October 2017
https://doi.org/10.5897/JECE2017.0416
ISSN: 2141-226X


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Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of the physicochemical and heavy metal content of ground water sources in Bantaji and Rafin-Kada settlements of Wukari Local Government Area, Taraba State, Nigeria



Odiba John Oko
  • Odiba John Oko
  • Department of Chemical Sciences, Federal University Wukari, P. M. B. 1020, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Matthew Olaleke Aremu
  • Matthew Olaleke Aremu
  • Department of Chemical Sciences, Federal University Wukari, P. M. B. 1020, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Chrysanthus Andrew
  • Chrysanthus Andrew
  • Department of Chemical Sciences, Federal University Wukari, P. M. B. 1020, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 13 July 2017  Accepted: 01 September 2017  Published: 31 October 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Boreholes and hand dug wells from Bantaji and Rafin-Kada settlements of Wukari L.G.A. were analyzed for fourteen physicochemical parameters and seven heavy metals collected within July, 2015 to March, 2016 using standard methods. The mean difference in concentration of dissolved oxygen between the wet and dry seasons in the Bantaji boreholes was statistically significant at p<0.05. In addition, the electrical conductivity, nitrate nitrogen, phosphate and dissolved oxygen concentration were also statistically significant in the Rafin-Kada Boreholes. For the well water samples, total dissolved solids (TDS), nitrate nitrogen and chlorides were also statistically significant between the wet and dry seasons of the Bantaji wells while in the Rafin-Kada wells, with only dissolved oxygen having mean concentration that was statistically significant at p<0.05. All the physicochemical parameters in the boreholes and hand dug wells fall within the Nigerian Standards for Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ) acceptable limits. The heavy metals, Pb and Mn had mean concentrations in the wet and dry seasons that were statistically significant in the Bantaji borehole, Bantaji well and Rafin-Kada borehole while Rafin-Kada borehole had statistically significant mean concentrations of Cd, As and Mn at p<0.05. All the heavy metals analyzed fall within the NSDWQ acceptable limits except Pb which had higher mean concentrations in the wet and dry seasons than the acceptable limits from Rafin-Kada wells (0.0190 and 0.0203 mg/L), Bantaji boreholes (0.1487 and 0.1086 mg/L) and Bantaji wells (0.0145 and 0.0154 mg/L). The mean concentrations of Pb reported may indicate presence of lead containing materials around the water sources. Frequent monitoring of these water sources is recommended over time.

 

Key words: Boreholes, wells, Bantaji, Rafin-Kada, physic-chemical parameters, heavy metals, groundwater.

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APA Oko, O. J., Aremu, M. O., & Andrew, C. (2017). Evaluation of the physicochemical and heavy metal content of ground water sources in Bantaji and Rafin-Kada settlements of Wukari Local Government Area, Taraba State, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, 9(4), 43-53.
Chicago Odiba John Oko, Matthew Olaleke Aremu and Chrysanthus Andrew. "Evaluation of the physicochemical and heavy metal content of ground water sources in Bantaji and Rafin-Kada settlements of Wukari Local Government Area, Taraba State, Nigeria." Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology 9, no. 4 (2017): 43-53.
MLA Odiba John Oko, et al. "Evaluation of the physicochemical and heavy metal content of ground water sources in Bantaji and Rafin-Kada settlements of Wukari Local Government Area, Taraba State, Nigeria." Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology 9.4 (2017): 43-53.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/JECE2017.0416
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JECE/article-abstract/720A1BB66444

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