This study was done to investigate the nematode diversity in a soybean-sugarcane production system in a semi- arid region of Zimbabwe .Results indicated thatPratylenchus, Helicotylenchus and Scutellonema had the highest populations per 100 cubic centimeters of soil before the planting of soybeans. Pratylenchus andCriconemella were not present after the harvesting of soybeans. Xiphinema andScutellonema were absent in the subsequent cane roots. Basically there was a considerable reduction in nematode population in soils after harvesting soybeans
Key words: Nematodes, soybeans, sugarcane.
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