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Article Number - F4996CC65461


Vol.9(1), pp. 6-13 , July 2017
https://doi.org/10.5897/JETR2015.0580
ISSN: 2006-9790


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Full Length Research Paper

Life cycle assessment of cassava flour production: A case study in Southwest Nigeria



Olaniran, J. A.
  • Olaniran, J. A.
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, LAUTECH, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Jekayinfa, S. O.
  • Jekayinfa, S. O.
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, LAUTECH, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Agbarha, H. A.
  • Agbarha, H. A.
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, LAUTECH, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 16 December 2015  Accepted: 16 March 2016  Published: 31 July 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Global climate change resulting from increased greenhouse gas emission and environmental pollution remain a serious threat to the world. Food processing industries is one of the major contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions. Intergovernmental Panel on climate change (IPCC) reported that greenhouse gas emission should be reduced to avert the worst effects of climate change. One of the ways to reducing greenhouse gas emission is by assessing the environmental impact associated with food production, and one of the well-known methodologies used for environmental impact evaluation is life cycle assessment model (LCA). This paper presents the results of LCA analysis of cassava flour production in Southwestern Nigeria. The result shows that global warming potential of cassava flour production was 1.105E+01 kg CO2 equivalent, eutrophication 2.632E-03 kg NO3 equivalent and acidification 5.583E-03 kg SO2 equivalent. In this study, the major contributor to global warming is the carbon dioxide (CO2) emission from burning of fossil fuel (Coal) used for drying operation which emits 93% of the CO2, while 7% of the total CO2 emission is from the diesel generator. This study has shown that cassava flour production is contributing greatly to environmental global warming potential in Southwest Nigeria.

 

Key words: Greenhouse gas, life cycle assessment, global warming, eutrophication, acidification.

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APA Olaniran, J. A., Jekayinfa, S. O., & Agbarha, H. A. (2017). Life cycle assessment of cassava flour production: A case study in Southwest Nigeria. Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, 9(1), 6-13.
Chicago Olaniran, J. A., Jekayinfa, S. O. and Agbarha, H. A.. "Life cycle assessment of cassava flour production: A case study in Southwest Nigeria." Journal of Engineering and Technology Research 9, no. 1 (2017): 6-13.
MLA Olaniran, et al. "Life cycle assessment of cassava flour production: A case study in Southwest Nigeria." Journal of Engineering and Technology Research 9.1 (2017): 6-13.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/JETR2015.0580
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JETR/article-abstract/F4996CC65461

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