Journal of
Geology and Mining Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Geol. Min. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9766
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGMR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 148

Full Length Research Paper

Artisanal gold mining in Batouri area, East Cameroon: Impacts on the mining population and their environment

Kouankap Nono Gus Djibril
  • Kouankap Nono Gus Djibril
  • Department of Geology, HTTC, University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39 Bambili, Bamenda, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Tah Bong Cliford
  • Tah Bong Cliford
  • Department of Geology, HTTC, University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39 Bambili, Bamenda, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Wotchoko Pierre
  • Wotchoko Pierre
  • Department of Geology, HTTC, University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39 Bambili, Bamenda, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Magha Alice
  • Magha Alice
  • Department of Geology, HTTC, University of Bamenda, P. O. Box 39 Bambili, Bamenda, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Chianebeng Japhet Kuma
  • Chianebeng Japhet Kuma
  • Department of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Dschang, P. O. Box 49, Dschang Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Tene Djoukam Joëlle Flore
  • Tene Djoukam Joëlle Flore
  • Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, P. O. Box 812 Yaoundé, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 30 October 2016
  •  Accepted: 03 February 2017
  •  Published: 28 February 2017

Abstract

Batouri is located in the East region of Cameroon; geologically the area is made up of Pan African granitoids, which are the host rocks of gold mineralization. Batouri gold deposits have long been subjected to artisanal mining activities carried out by the indigenes for livelihood. Majority of the mining population (45%) is made up by youths (15-30 years), followed by the adults (35%) within the age range 46-60 years old. Adults within the age range 31-45 years constitute only about 5% of the mining population. Female artisans constitute 35% out of the total mining population and are involved in all the stages. The artisanal gold mining has caused damage on the environment which directly or indirectly affects the population. The standard of living of the miners in Batouri is still very poor giving rise to high rate of school drop outs, high rate of prostitution, poor hygienic conditions and health challenges. Artisanal gold mining is also very destructive to the environment causing severe deforestation; land degradation; destruction of the forest ecosystem. From these findings, it is recommended that the government re-enforce committees that will do a daily follow up of mining activities; train artisans on doing sustainable mining.

 

Key words: Batouri, socio-economic, environmental impact, artisanal gold mining.