Journal of General and Molecular Virology
Subscribe to JGMV
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - CD64F5F47278


Vol.6(3), pp. 28-35 , August 2014
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV2014.0058
ISSN: 2141-6648



Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of the current status of HIV virus and predisposing factors among students at Dilla University and Dilla Referral Hospital, Ethiopia



Fekadu Alemu
  • Fekadu Alemu
  • Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Dilla University, P.O.Box. 419, Dilla, Ethiopia
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 10 July 2014  Accepted: 20 August 2014  Published: 31 August 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cannot be transmitted by causal contact, air, food and water. People with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome have human immunodeficiency virus in their blood and body fluids that can enter the blood stream of an uninfected person upon contact with infected body fluids or sexual contact with an infected person. Primary data was collected by using structured questionnaire, interviewing and reviewing secondary data from Dilla Referral Hospita. Majority of students 137 (67.15%) had an idea on HIV virus that it is not curable and a deadly killer disease while 36 (17.64%) had an idea on HIV that it is curable. Majority of students (158, 77.46%) had discussed about HIV/AIDS with other people. Accordingly to the information in the questionnaire by the Dilla University students, most of the students (96.00%) had heard about HIV/AIDS. Majority of students heard and got information about HIV from mass media followed by health center, books, and combination of all lists, parents and friends: 46.00, 18.00, 12.00, 10.00, 6.00 and 2.00%, respectively. According to the secondary date obtained from Dilla Referral Hospital, the majority of  the people that live with HIV virus were of the productive age (15-49 age) group in both male and female. Among these the number of female infected with HIV were higher than for male: 42.63, 44.35, 37.76, 44.37, 42.70, 37.62 and 40.40%, and 49.38, 52.17, 46.90, 44.70, 44.32, 52.47 and 39.40%, respectively for each year from 2008-2014. Therefore, HIV virus prevalence among Dilla Referral Hospital patients was on the decrease, and the students of Dilla University were very aware of HIV from well gathered information from different sources and also discussed with their partners.

  

Key words: Dilla University, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), prevalence, sexual, students.

Blanche S, Rouzioux C, Moscato ML, (1989). A prospective study of infants born to women seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus type 1. HIV Infection in Newborns French Collaborative Study Group. N. Engl. J. Med. 320:1643-1648.
Crossref
 
Brenchley JM, Schacker TW, Ruff LE (2004). CD4+ T cell depletion during all stages of HIV disease occurs predominantly in the gastrointestinal tract. J. Exp. Med. 200:749-59.
Crossref
 
Cameron DW, Simonsen JN, D'Costa LJ (1989). Female to male transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1: risk factors for sero-conversion in men. Lancet 2:403-407.
Crossref
 
CDC (1998). Management of possible sexual, injecting-drug-use, or other non-occupational exposure to HIV, including considerations related to antiretroviral therapy. M.M.W.R. 17:1-14.
 
CSA, ORCMacro (2001). Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey. Addis Ababa and Calverston, MA (USA), Central Statistical Authority and ORCMacro.
 
Elder G, Sever J (1988). Neurologic disorders associated with AIDS retroviral infection. Review of Infectious Diseases 10 (2):286-302.
Crossref
 
Eshete H, Heast N, Lindan K, Mandel J (l993). Ethnic conflicts, poverty, and AIDS in Ethiopia. Lancet 341:1219.
Crossref
 
European Study Group (1992). Comparision of female to male and male to female transmission of HIV in 563 stable couples. European Study Group on Heterosexual Transmission of HIV. Br Med. J. 304:809-813.
Crossref
 
Gebretensae GT (2003). HIV/AIDS in the Ethiopian military: perceptions, strategies, and impacts. Draft working paper for the CSIS Task Force on HIV/AIDS Committee on Destabilizing Impacts of HIV/AIDS. Addis Ababa.
 
Government of Ethiopia (1998). Policy on HIV/AIDS. Addis Ababa, GoE.
 
Government of Ethiopia (2004). A comprehensive strategic plan to combat HIV/AIDS epidemic in Ethiopia (2004-2007), Final Report. Addis Ababa: GoE.
 
Gwinn M, Wortley PM (1996). Epidemiology of HIV infection in women and newborns. Clin. Obstet Gynecol. 39:292-304.
Crossref
 
Hessol NA, Lifson AR, Rutherford GW (1989). Natural history of human immunodefi-ciency virus infection and key predictors of HIV disease progression. AIDS Clin. Rev. 69-93.
PMid:2488696
 
Hladik W (2005). HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: Where is the Epidemic Heading? Sexually Transmitted Infections 8:32-I35.
 
Kaplan EH, Heimer R (1992). A model-based estimate of HIV infectivity via needle sharing. J. Acquir. Immune. Defic. Syndr. 5:1116-118.
PMid:1403641
 
Kloos H (l993). Health impact of war. In H. Kloos and Z.A. Zein (eds), The Ecology of Health and Disease in Ethiopia 121-132. Boulder and Oxford: Westview Press.
 
Marmor M, Weiss LR, Lyden M (1986). Possible female-to-female transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. Ann. Intern. Med. 105:969.
Crossref
 
MOH (2004). AIDS in Ethiopia. 5th edition. Addis Ababa: Ministry of Health.
 
Nair P, Alger L, Hines S (1993). Maternal and neonatal characteristics associated with HIV infection in infants of seropositive women. J. Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 6:298-302.
PMid:8450405
 
Nancy A, Hessol MSPH, Monica, Gandhi MD, Ruth M, Greenblatt, MD (2005). A Guide to the Clinical care of women with HIV. Health Resources and Services Administration, HIV/AIDS Bureau.
 
National Intelligence Council (2002). The next wave of HIV/AIDS: Nigeria, Ethiopia, Russia, India and China.Washington, D.C.
 
Nelson J (1988). Human immunodeficiency virus detected in bowel epithelium from patients with gastrointestinal symptoms. Lancet 8580:259-262.
Crossref
 
Plummer FA, Simonsen JN, Cameron DW (1991) Cofactors in male-female sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Infect. Dis. 163:233-239.
Crossref
 
Pomerantz R (1987). Infection of the retina by human immunodeficiency virus type I. N.E.J.M. 317(26):1643-1647.
Crossref
 
Quinn T C, Overbaugh J (2005). HIV/AIDS in women: an expanding epidemic. Science 308:1582-1583.
Crossref
 
Quinn TC (1996). Global burden of the HIV pandemic. Lancet 348:99-106.
Crossref
 
St. Louis ME, Kamenga M, Brown C (1993). Risk for perinatal HIV-1 transmission according to maternal immunologic, virologic, and placental factors. J.A.M.A. 269:2853-2859.
Crossref
 
Tokars JI, Marcus R, Culver DH, (1993). For the CDC Cooperative Needlestick Surveillance Group. Surveillance of HIV infection and zidovudine use among health care workers after occupational exposure to HIV-infected blood. Ann. Intern. Med. 118:913-919.
Crossref
 
UNAIDS (2002). AIDS epidemic update: December 2002. Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS/WHO.
 
UNAIDS (2002). AIDS epidemic update: December 2002. Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS/WHO, 2002.
 
UNAIDS UNICEF and WHO (2004). Ethiopia, epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections. Geneva: WHO.
 
Updated US (2001). Public Health Service guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to HBV, HCV, and HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis. MMWR Rep. 50:1-52.

 


APA Alemu, F. (2014). Assessment of the current status of HIV virus and predisposing factors among students at Dilla University and Dilla Referral Hospital, Ethiopia. Journal of General and Molecular Virology, 6(3), 28-35.
Chicago Fekadu Alemu. "Assessment of the current status of HIV virus and predisposing factors among students at Dilla University and Dilla Referral Hospital, Ethiopia." Journal of General and Molecular Virology 6, no. 3 (2014): 28-35.
MLA Fekadu Alemu. "Assessment of the current status of HIV virus and predisposing factors among students at Dilla University and Dilla Referral Hospital, Ethiopia." Journal of General and Molecular Virology 6.3 (2014): 28-35.
   
DOI 10.5897/JGMV2014.0058
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JGMV/article-abstract/CD64F5F47278

Subscription Form