Journal of General and Molecular Virology
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Article Number - F7271F711071

Vol.5(2), pp. 14-21 , August 2013
DOI: 10.5897/JGMV2013.0052
ISSN: 2141-6648

Full Length Research Paper

Molecular characterization of adenovirus causing acute respiratory disease in Malaysia from 2003 to 2011

Mohd Apandi Y.*, Zarina M. Z., Khairul Azuan O., Nur Ismawati A. R. and Zainah S.

Virology Unit, Infectious Disease Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research, Jalan Pahang, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


 Accepted: 13 August 2013  Published: 31 August 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Human Adenoviruses (HAdVs) are human pathogens that normally are associated with acute respiratory disease (ARD). Here, in this study, we characterized human adenovirus isolated from respiratory specimens collected from 2003 to 2011. Positive adenovirus were confirmed by cell culture and indirect immunoflourescence (IF) techniques. The isolates and positive clinical samples were subjected to adenovirus polymerase chain reaction, followed by DNA sequencing. BLAST searches and phylogenetic analysis revealed that only 2 species of HAdV, species C at 64% (47/73) and species B at 36% (26/73) were found circulating amongst ARD cases in Malaysia. Four types of HAdV species C were detected namely: HAdV-2 (66%), HAdV-1(17%), HAdV-5(13%) and HAdV-6(4%). For HAdV species B, only 2 types were detected with HAdV-3 being the highest at 58% and HAdV-7 at 42%. HadV-7 was associated with severe infections.



Key words: Human adenoviruses, acute respiratory disease, molecular characterization, gene sequences


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APA (2013). Molecular characterization of adenovirus causing acute respiratory disease in Malaysia from 2003 to 2011. Journal of General and Molecular Virology, 5(2), 14-21.
Chicago Mohd Apandi Y., Zarina M. Z., Khairul Azuan O., Nur Ismawati A. R. and Zainah S.. "Molecular characterization of adenovirus causing acute respiratory disease in Malaysia from 2003 to 2011." Journal of General and Molecular Virology 5, no. 2 (2013): 14-21.
MLA Mohd Ap, et al. "Molecular characterization of adenovirus causing acute respiratory disease in Malaysia from 2003 to 2011." Journal of General and Molecular Virology 5.2 (2013): 14-21.
DOI 10.5897/JGMV2013.0052

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