Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
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Article Number - 426F41864821


Vol.10(7), pp. 197-207 , July 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JGRP2016.0578
ISSN: 2070-1845



Full Length Research Paper

Predicting urban sprawl and land use changes in Akure region using markov chains modeling



Owoeye J. O.
  • Owoeye J. O.
  • Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Akure PMB 704, Akure, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Popoola O. O.
  • Popoola O. O.
  • Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Akure PMB 704, Akure, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 27 April 2016  Accepted: 11 October 2016  Published: 31 July 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This study makes use of Markov chains modeling to predict sprawl and pattern of land use change in Akure region. Efforts were made to examine the trend of the expansion using Aerial Imagery Interpolation (AII). It focuses on overlaying of Landsat TM imageries of 1986, 2002, 2007 and 2014 to determine the land use changes and extent of expansion between 1985 and 2014. The land use were classified and displayed in colors for better visualization. With the aid of Markov chain modeling, the study made a projection of possible land use area and extent of expansion by the year 2034. Findings revealed continuous expansion in the growth of the city as evident in percentage increase of the built-up area. There were incompatible conversions in land uses and unguided expansions leading to undue encroachment into green areas at the suburbs. It was observed that without appropriate attention to adequate planning for effective measures, the trend of changing agricultural and forested lands to built-up areas will continue to increase with attendant effects on regional environment. Consequently, the study suggests effective zoning strategy and sustainable monitoring measures by different stakeholders in urban planning to check indiscriminate urban expansion in the study area.
 
Key words: Urban sprawl, land-use pattern, markov chains, landsat TM imageries, Aerial Imagery Interpolation (AII).

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APA Owoeye, J. O., & Popoola, O. O. (2017). Predicting urban sprawl and land use changes in Akure region using markov chains modeling. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 10(7), 197-207.
Chicago Owoeye J. O. and Popoola O. O.. "Predicting urban sprawl and land use changes in Akure region using markov chains modeling." Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 10, no. 7 (2017): 197-207.
MLA Owoeye J. O. and Popoola O. O.. "Predicting urban sprawl and land use changes in Akure region using markov chains modeling." Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 10.7 (2017): 197-207.
   
DOI 10.5897/JGRP2016.0578
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JGRP/article-abstract/426F41864821

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