Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Subscribe to JGRP
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - ECD543266268


Vol.10(11), pp. 298-308 , November 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JGRP2017.0647
ISSN: 2070-1845



Full Length Research Paper

Critical factors determining public transport access level in Abuja federal capital territory of Nigeria



Oluwole Matthew Sunday
  • Oluwole Matthew Sunday
  • Department of Transport Management Technology, School of Entrepreneurship and Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 02 June 2017  Accepted: 21 July 2017  Published: 30 November 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This study aims to investigate the key factors which determine access to public transport service in Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of Nigeria. Data were collected based on ten public transport access levels indicators namely: Safety, transport fare, bus availability, comfort level, speed on transit, delays at parks, bus stops and on transit highway, adherence to estimated arrival time, adherence to estimated departure time, reliability of bus schedules and bus overloading. Data on these factors were collected from administration of questionnaires to 859 public transport commuters in 17 major road transport terminals across the FCT. The data were analysed using the factor analysis, correlation, and regression method. The result shows that three factors namely, adherence to estimated departure time, fare charged by the operators, and reliability of bus schedules on routes together explained about 54% of the cumulative total variance, leaving the remaining 46% to seven other factors and residuals. The Spearman’s rank correlation matrix for all the variables indicates that they were all positively correlated at various degrees. The standardized co-efficient of the regression analysis revealed that, bus service reliability is the major determinant of public transport access level in the study area. In order to raise the current access level of commuters to public transport in FCT, operators must improve on the level of service in line with the three critical factors which the study has identified.

Key words: Factors, determination, public, transport, and accessibility.

Abumere SI (1993). Developmental issues for long term perspective planning of the Nigerian Mass Transit System In: S. G. Ikya edited (1993). Urban Passenger Transportation in Nigeria, pp. 95-117.

 

Adetunji K (2000). Transport Challenges in Nigeria in the Next Two Decades, Monograph Ibadan, Nigeria Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER) Transport Study Unit.

 

Adesanya O (2011) Mass Transit and City Sustainability, A Paper Presented at Nigerian Institute of Town Planners (NITP) and Town Planning Registration Council (TOPREC) Mandatory Continuous Professional Development Programme (MCPDP), 2011 edition, Ibadan-Nigeria.

 

Adesanya O, Adeniji K, Damilola AY (2002) Transport Perspective of Poverty in Nigeria, A Multidimensional Perspectives Edited by Ajakaiye D. O.and Olomola A. S. pp 235-283.

 

Ahmed AB (2005) Modeling Accessibility in Urban Transportation Networks, in Access to Destinations David M. L and Kelvin J. K. (ed) Elsevier Publishers.

 

Ali AN (2011). Assessment of Passengers Satisfaction with Intra-City Public Bus Transport Services in Abuja-Nigeria. A paper Presented at 53rd Annual Conference of ANG – LASU Ojo 21-25 Nov. 2011.

 

Ali AN, Onokala PC (2009). "Relative Accessibility of the Major Centres to the Intra-Urban Bus Services Route Network in Enugu City" Int. J. Geog. Regional Plann. 1(1):107-115.

 

Amiegbebhor D (2009). BRT Success Story: Operations and Challenges. A Presentation to Students of Lagos State University. LAMATA, Lagos.

 

Ashiodu CM (2011). An Assessment of Bus Rapid Transit as a Strategy for Urban Traffic Management in Lagos Metropolis. Unpublished B. Sc. Project, Department of Geography, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

 

Basorun JO, Rotowa A (2012). Regional Assessment of Public Transport Operation in Nigerian cities, the case of Lagos Island, Int. J. Dev. Soc. 1(2):82-87.

 

Borg RW, Gall MD (1971) Educational Research: An Introduction, McKay Publishing- The University of Wisconson, Madison.

 

Landau S, Everitt BS (2004). A Hand book of Statistical Analysis Using SPSS; Chapman and Hall/CRC Press London.

 

Mabogunje AL (2008). The Challenge of Mobility Within Nigeria's Emerging Megacities, Address at the National Conference on Public Transportation Organized by Lagos Metropolitan Transport Agency (LAMATA) On Integrated Transport Systems in Nigeria Emerging Megacities Issues, Challenges and Options Held at Ikejaon May 6-8 2008.

 

Mfinanga BA, Ocheng MOA (2006). Development of a Model for Assessing Urban Public Transport Level of Service in Cities of Developing nations, Afr. J. Sci. Technol. Sci. Eng. Series 7(2):35-53.

 

Martinez FJ (2000). Towards a Landuse and Transportation Interaction Framework, Handbook of Transport Modelling (Hensher D. A. and Button K. J (ed) 1:397-407..

 

Naniopoulos A (1999). European Approaches to Accessible Transport Systems JRTR No. 20:9-13.

 

Ndikom OB (2008). Introduction to Transport Management. Lagos, Bumico.

 

Niemeir DA (1997). Accessibility: An Evaluation Using Consumer Welfare, Transportation 24:377-316
Crossref

 

Ogunsanya AA (2002). Maker and Breakers of Cities, 59st Inaugural Lecture, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

 

Ogunsanya AA, Galtima M (1993). Motorcycle in Public Passenger Transport Service in Nigeria: Case Study of Yola Town In: S. G. Ikya Ed. Mass Transit Operations and Management in Nigeria.

 

Ogunsanya AA, Vandu-Chikolo I, Sumaila AG (2004). Perspectives on Urban Transportation in Nigeria" Nigerian Institute of Transport Technology (NITT), Zarai. M.O.D press, Kaduna pp. 1-26.

 

Ogwude C (2011). Managing Transport Infrastructures I Nigerian Cities, A Paper Presented at Nigerian Institute of Town Planners (NITP) and Town Planning Registration Council (TOPREC) 2011 edition, Ibadan-Nigeria.

 

Oluwole MS, Ojekunle JA (2016). The Application of Geographic Information System (GIS) in the Determination of Public Transport Access Level in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja- Nigeria. J. Geog. Regional Plann. 8(9):1554-1564.

 

Oluwole MS (2016). Spatial Patterns of Public Transport Access Points in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja- Nigeria: Joint International Conference on 21st Century Human Habitat: Issues, Sustainability and Development, Hosted by The Federal University of Technology, Akure. 21st – 24th March 2016. pp. 1484-1491.

 

Oluwole MS (2014). Commuters' Access to Public Transport Service in the Federal Capital Territory Abuja-Nigeria, Unpublished PhD Dissertation Submitted to the Postgraduate School, Bayero University Kano-Nigeria in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Award of PhD in Transport Geography.

 

Oniyangi A (2012). Bus Mass Transit Services in Abuja, A paper presented at Workshop on a Framework, Road Map and Financing Options for National Mass Transit in Nigeria, organized by Technical Committee on Mass Transit Development with the assistance of the Nigerian Infrastructure Advisory Facility (NAIF) Transport, Hilton Total Abuja, May 7 – 8.

 

Oyesiku OK (2002). Sustainable Transportation Strategies on Intermediate Cities in Nigeria, Journal of the Nigerian Institute of Town Planners.

 

Papacostas CS, Prevedouros PD (2008). Transportation Engineering and Planning, Prentice Hall-India.

 

Pederson EO (1980): Transportation in Cites; Pergamon Press U.K.

 

Richardson AJ, Young W (1981). A measure of Linked- Trip accessibility" Transportation Plann. Technol. 7:73-82.
Crossref

 

Sumaila AG (2004). Operation and Management of Public Transport. In Perspectives on Urban Transportation in Nigeria. Chikolo,I.V, Ogunsanya, A.A and Sumaila A.G. (ed) NITT, Zaria, Nigeria. pp. 121-141.

 

Sumaila AG (1989) Accessibility and Rural Development Relationships in the Tin-Mining Region of the Jos-Plateau, Unpublished Ph.D Thesis, Department of Geography and Planning, Univeristy of Jos-Nigeria.

 

Umar R (2003) Transportation Development in Nigeria, Bauchi Harvest Media Press.

 

Vasconcellos EA (2011). Urban Transport Environment and Equity: The Case for Developing Countries, Earth scan London.

 

Wegener M (1996) Reduction of Co2 Emission of Transport by Reorganization of Urban Activities, Transport, Landuse and the Environment (Hayashi Y. and Roy J (ed) Kluwer Academic Publishers Dordrechi pp. 103-124.

 

World Bank (1997). Taking action to reduce poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa, World BankWashington D C.

 


APA Oluwole, M. S. (2017). Critical factors determining public transport access level in Abuja federal capital territory of Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 10(11), 298-308.
Chicago Oluwole Matthew Sunday. "Critical factors determining public transport access level in Abuja federal capital territory of Nigeria." Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 10, no. 11 (2017): 298-308.
MLA Oluwole Matthew Sunday. "Critical factors determining public transport access level in Abuja federal capital territory of Nigeria." Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 10.11 (2017): 298-308.
   
DOI 10.5897/JGRP2017.0647
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JGRP/article-abstract/ECD543266268

Subscription Form