Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Subscribe to JHF
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 73E1C1341288


Vol.5(10), pp. 160-167 , November 2013
DOI: 10.5897/JHF2013.0317
ISSN: 2006-9782



Full Length Research Paper

Influence of weather and growing environment on vegetable growth and yield



M. Rajasekar
  • M. Rajasekar
  • Department of Horticulture, Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Madurai-625 104, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Google Scholar
T. Arumugam
  • T. Arumugam
  • Department of Horticulture, Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Madurai-625 104, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Google Scholar
S. Ramesh Kumar
  • S. Ramesh Kumar
  • Department of Horticulture, Vanavarayar Institute of Agriculture, Manakkadavu, Pollachi-642 103, TNAU, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Google Scholar







 Accepted: 23 August 2013  Published: 30 November 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


An experiment was conducted at the Department of Horticulture, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India to screen ten vegetables for cultivation under shadenet house (33% shade) and open field for year round production of vegetables. Tomato, eggplant, chilli, cucumber, cluster bean, radish, amaranthus, coriander, bhendi and capsicum were grown in the summer and winter. The influence of environmental variables temperature, relative humidity and light intensity were studied. Tomato, eggplant, chilli, cucumber, radish, amaranthus and coriander registered better performance for growth and yield during both seasons. Cluster bean performed well in the open field during both seasons. Relative humidity was always higher under shadenet house than in open field during both seasons. Light intensity in the shadenet house was lower than in the open field. Mean weekly temperature during summer and winter were higher under open field conditions than in the shadenet house. Lower temperature caused plant height, number of branches, internodal length, average fruit weight and yield per plant to be higher in the shadenet house than in the open field. Hence, the growing of tomato, eggplant, chilli, cucumber, radish, amaranthus and coriander under shade house conditions will be more profitable irrespective of the seasons.

 

Key words: Shadenet cultivation, season, quality.

El-Aidy F, El-Afry M, Ibrahim F (1988). The influence of shade nets on the growth and yield of sweet pepper. International. Symposium on Integrated Management Practice AVRDC, Taiwan.
 
Ganesan M (2004). Effect of poly-greenhouse on plant microclimate and fruit yield of tomato. IE (I).J.-AG 80:12-16.
 
Hawthron LR, Pollard H (1957). Vegetable and flower seed production, Biakisten Company, New York.
 
Kaname T, Itagi T (1973). Effect of various air and soil temperature on the growth and yield of tomatoes under protected cultivation. Bull. Kanagawa Horticult. Exp. Stat. 27:67-76.
 
Krishna-Mohan K, Hanumantha Rao GV, Srinivasulu R (1993). Effect of light stress and hormonal sprays on plant growth, retention of reproductive structures and yield in chilli (C. annuum L.). South Indian Hortcult. 41(1):22-27.
 
Marcelis LFM, Baan Hofman-Eijer LR (1993). Effect of temperature on growth of individual cucumber fruits. Physiol. Plantarum 87:321-328.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.1993.870311.x
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1993.tb01737.x
http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.1993.870310.x
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1993.tb01736.x
 
Nimje PM, Shyam M (1993). Effect of plastic Greenhouse on plant microclimate and vegetable production. Farm. Syst. 9:13-19.
 
Papadopoulos AP, Ormrod DP (1991). Plant spacing effects on growth and development of the greenhouse tomato. Canadian J. Plant Sci. 71:297-304.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjps91-040
 
Priya N, Jeyakumar P, Vijayakumar M (2002). Eco physiological changes in paprika due to varying seasons and growth conditions. South Indian Hortcult. 50(4-6):708-713.
 
Priya W, Vijayakumar M, Veeragavathatham D, Jeyakumar P, Chezian N (2002). Effect of seasons and growth environments on paprika (Capsicum annum var. longum) growth and yield. South Indian Hortcult. 50(4-6):463-471.
 
Quaglitto L (1976). The effects of shading on sweet peppers. Informatore Agrario 32(16):22517-22518.
 
Ramesh KS, Arumugam T (2010). Performance of vegetables under naturally ventilated polyhouse condition. Mysore J. Agric. Sci. 44(4):770-776.
 
Reddy MT, Ismail S, Reddy YN (1999). Shade and allelopathic effects of ber on growth, productivity and quality of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) under pot culture. South Indian Horticult. 47:77-80.
 
Rui RL, Nie YQ, Tong HY (1989). Protective effect of plastic film coverage on photosynthesis of capsicum in summer. Jiangsu Agric. Sci. 8:30-31.
 
Rylski I (1986). Improvement of pepper fruit quality and timing of harvest by shading under high solar radiation conditions. Acta Hort. 191:221-227.
 
Sanwal SK, Patel KK, Yadav DS (2004). Vegetable production under protected conditions in NEH region: Problems and prospects. Indian Soc. Veg. Sci. 3:120-129.
 
Singh, Narender, Diwari SK, Paljor (1999). Ladakh Mein Sabjion Kei Sanrakshi Kheti. Regional Research Laboratory of DRDO, Leh. Pub. D.R.D.O., Leh. Pub. D.R.D.O. A.P.O. P. 56.
 
Suchindra R (2002). Studies on evaluation of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) hybrids under four different growing environments for yield and quality characters. MS (Ag.) Thesis, Tamil. Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.
 
TNAU Crop Production Guide (2013). http://www.agritech.tnau.ac.in/pdf/2013/cpg_horti_2013.pdf.

 


APA (2013). Influence of weather and growing environment on vegetable growth and yield. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry, 5(10), 160-167.
Chicago M. Rajasekar, T. Arumugam and S. Ramesh Kumar. "Influence of weather and growing environment on vegetable growth and yield." Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 5, no. 10 (2013): 160-167.
MLA M. Rajasekar, T. Arumugam and S. Ramesh Kumar. "Influence of weather and growing environment on vegetable growth and yield." Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 5.10 (2013): 160-167.
   
DOI 10.5897/JHF2013.0317
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JHF/article-abstract/73E1C1341288

Subscription Form