Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
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Article Number - 9F75AE665864


Vol.9(9), pp. 74-79 , September 2017
DOI: 10.5897/JHF2017.0484
ISSN: 2006-9782



Full Length Research Paper

Yield improvement in hot pepper through demonstration of improved variety (Melkashote) with improved production technologies under irrigation scheme, Abergelle, Tigray, Ethiopia



Hintsa Meresa
  • Hintsa Meresa
  • Abergelle Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 44 Abi-Adi, Tigray, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Tsegay Gebreselassie
  • Tsegay Gebreselassie
  • Abergelle Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 44 Abi-Adi, Tigray, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Fantay Belay
  • Fantay Belay
  • Abergelle Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 44 Abi-Adi, Tigray, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Haftu Kelelew
  • Haftu Kelelew
  • Abergelle Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 44 Abi-Adi, Tigray, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Atsbha Gebreslassie
  • Atsbha Gebreslassie
  • Abergelle Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 44 Abi-Adi, Tigray, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 01 March 2017  Accepted: 16 May 2017  Published: 30 September 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The demonstration was conducted in 2014/15 production season at Tanqua-Abergelle district, particularly at Hadash-Tekhli (Zembaw) irrigation scheme at farmers’ land. The scheme has high irrigation potential for horticultural crops production. But, improved technologies have not yet demonstrated. Therefore, the objective of this research was to demonstrate improved variety of pepper with improved management practice in to the irrigation scheme. The improved pepper variety (Melkashote) and local cultivar, ’Tsalet’ were used in the demonstration. The mean fresh fruit yield obtained from the improved pepper variety was higher (13.87 t/ha) than the local cultivar (10.16 t/ha). This shows 36.5% fresh pepper fruits yield increment over local cultivar, implying yield productivity per unit area can be increased by using the improved pepper variety. In addition, the improved pepper variety (Melkashote) required 115 days to mature whereas the local cultivar matured in 129 days. This shows the improved pepper variety was earlier in maturity than the local cultivar. In terms of monetary value, an average gross income of 202,859.60 Birr/ha or US$ 96,46.33 per hectare was generated from the improved pepper variety while from the local cultivar was 114,277.50 Birr/ha or US$ 5,434.10 per hectare. This implies the farmers were able to generate more income from the improved pepper fresh yield over the local cultivar. Besides, based on farmers’ perception results, except the attributes of fruit size, most of the respondents had favored the improved pepper variety (Melkashote) in its productivity, fruit length, fruit color, maturity, insect and disease resistance, marketability, fruit quality and taste than the local cultivar (Tsalet). Hence, the farmers decided to grow the variety in the next production season. Therefore, further popularization and scaling out activities should be done by the research center and office of agriculture and rural development of the district.

Key words: Farmers’ perception, maturity, Melkashote, Tsalet, yield.

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APA Meresa, H., Gebreselassie, T., Belay, F., Kelelew, H., & Gebreslassie, A. (2017). Yield improvement in hot pepper through demonstration of improved variety (Melkashote) with improved production technologies under irrigation scheme, Abergelle, Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry, 9(9), 74-79.
Chicago Hintsa Meresa, Tsegay Gebreselassie, Fantay Belay, Haftu Kelelew and Atsbha Gebreslassie. "Yield improvement in hot pepper through demonstration of improved variety (Melkashote) with improved production technologies under irrigation scheme, Abergelle, Tigray, Ethiopia." Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 9, no. 9 (2017): 74-79.
MLA Hintsa Meresa, et al. "Yield improvement in hot pepper through demonstration of improved variety (Melkashote) with improved production technologies under irrigation scheme, Abergelle, Tigray, Ethiopia." Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 9.9 (2017): 74-79.
   
DOI 10.5897/JHF2017.0484
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JHF/article-abstract/9F75AE665864

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