Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Subscribe to JHMT
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 177889E44065

Vol.5(1), pp. 1-12 , May 2014
ISSN: 2141-6575

 Total Views: 0
 Downloaded: 0

Full Length Research Paper

Development of community based ecotourism in Borena-Saynt National Park, North central Ethiopia: Opportunities and Challenges

Amogne Asfaw Eshetu
  • Amogne Asfaw Eshetu
  • Department of Geography and Environmental Studies Wollo University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

 Received: 04 November 2013  Accepted: 26 March 2014  Published: 31 May 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

Promoting ecotourism through the protection of the environment can improve the livelihood of the local community and used as a tool for participatory biodiversity conservation. Ecotourism can help to create jobs for local community and market for local products where by contributing to sustainable conservation of natural resources. The main objective of this study is to assess the opportunities and challenges of Borena-Saynt National Park for the development of community-based ecotourism that enables to diversify the livelihood of the people and for sustainable natural resource management. Social survey research methodologies were adopted to assess essential data and analyzed qualitatively. The result showed that, a combination of wonderful scenery, diversified wildlife and plant species, amazing caves and culture of the local community makes Borena-Saynt National Park potentially rich for the development of ecotourism. Land degradation, shortage of animal forage and grazing land, low fertility of the soil, scarcity of cultivable land and absences of off-farm activities are among the critical socio-economic problems of the local community that pose pressure on the park. Development of ecotourism program, diversifying the livelihood of the local community, introducing alternative sources of energy, launching afforestation on the buffer zone, animal forage development will help for sustainable natural resource management of the park by improving the well-being of the local community.
Key words:  Ecotourism resources, land degradation, Community participation, Borena-Saynt   national park

Abate A (2003). A floristic composition and structural analysis of Denkoro forest, south Wollo. MSc Thesis; Addis Ababa University; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Akirma (2007). Bi-annual magazine published by environment conservation advocators. Number 20, Forum for environment. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
ANRS BoFED (2009). Development indicators of the Amhara National Regional State of the year 2008, 6th edition. Amhara National Regional State Bureau of Finance and Economic Development Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
ANRS (2009). Borena Saynt Park Demarcation and Administrative Determination Regulation. Council of Regional Government; Regulation number 68/2009; Zikre-Hig; Number 10, 2009; Amhara National regional State; Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
ANRS PaDPA (2006). Denkoro proposed national park boundary demarcation report. Amhara National Regional State Parks Development and Protection Authority; Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
Badege B (2001). Deforestation and land degradation on the Ethiopian highlands: strategy for physical recovery. Northeast African studies. 8(1):7-26.
Bahru Z (1998). "Forests and forest management in Wollo in historical perspective." Journal of Ethiopian Studies, 31(1):45-78.
Barkin D (1996). Ecotourism: A tool for sustainable development. Retrieved from on o6/o4/12.
Demele T (2001). "Deforestation, wood famine and environmental degradation in Ethiopia's highland ecosystems: Urgent need for action." Northeast African Studies 8(1):53-76.
Dasenbrock J (2002). "The pros and cons of ecotourism in Costa Rica": TED case studies, No.64.
Dessalegn R (1998). "Environmentalism and conservation in Wollo before the revolution." J. Ethiop. Stud. 31(1):45-78.
Doria C, Rosendo S (2003). Community - based ecotourism in the Pedras Negras and Curralinho extractive reserves, Guapore River Valley; Lyonia 4(1):35-42.
Edelman C (2006). "Ecotourism for sustainable development: Highlighting setbacks of community-based ecotourism."Retrieved from http: www.// on 22/5/13.
EPAE (2004). Third National report on the implementation of the UNCCD/NAP in Ethiopia. Environmental Protection Authority of Ethiopia Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Gebremarkos W (1998). "The forest resources of Ethiopia: Past and Present." J. Ethiop. Wild life Nat. Hist. Soc. Walia.19:10-28.
GEFEO (2006). The Role of Local Benefits in Global Environmental Programs. Global Environment Facility Evaluation Office (GEFEO), Evaluation Report No. 30. Washington, DC.
International Ecotourism Society (TIES) (2006). "Comunity-based ecotourism: Best practice stories and resources." Digital-traveler, Asia pacific eNewsletter.
Hardyment CL (2003). Ecotourism definition; Pidra, Blanca ecotourism consultant. Retrieved from on 22/10/12.
Haroon IA (2002). Ecotourism in Pakistan: A Myth? Mountain Research and development, 22(2):110-112.
Hayward P (2000). Leisure and tourism. Heinemann Educational Publishers; the Bath Press Ltd, Great Britain.
Holloway JC (1991). The Business of Tourism, 3rd edition. Clays Ltd, England.
Kiss A (2004). Is community-based ecotourism a good use of biodiversity conservation funds? Trends Ecol. Evol. 19(5):232-236.
Lakew B, Fanuel K, Gizachew A (2007). Biodiversity assessment of the proposed Denkoro-Chaka National Park. Bahir Dar, Ethiopia (unpublished).
Langoya CD, Long C (1997). Local communities and ecotourism development in Budongo forest reserve, Uganda. Retrieved from on 4/7/12.
Lowmen M (2004). "Ecotourism and its impact on forest conservation." Action Bioscience; American institute of Biological on 14/3/13.
Natsios S (2006). The role of sustainable tourism in furthering USAID's Mission: WTO-sustainable tourism policy forum.
Ngece K (2002). "Community based ecotourism: What can the people of East Africa learn from success stories elsewhere?" East African ecotourism development and conservation consultants; Nairobi, Kenya.
Negash A (2002). Potential of Denkoro forest for the development of tourism. ANRS-Tourism Commission, Bahir Dar.
Sisay A (2004). Adaba-Dodola community- based ecotourism development.
Tsegaye T (2006). An overview of the forest ecosystems of Ethiopia: functions, trends and future directions, in Seyoum Mengistu and Stoop, C. (eds.); Environment for survival-taking stock of Ethiopia's environment proceedings of the first green forum conference held in Addis Ababa, 2-4 October. pp. 18-34
Woldegebreil G (2003). The Denkoro high land in south Wollo: A preliminary assessment on the ecological significance of Denkoro highland and management options. Environmental protection, land administration and use authority. ANRS Bahir Dar (Unpublished). FDRE (2011). Ethiopia's Climate-Resilient Green economy: Green Economy strategy. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Henze B P (2007). Ethiopian Millennium tourism goals: Preparing to meet Millennium Tourism goals. Reflections on the state of tourism in Ethiopia. Washington, USA.
Martin D (2008). Ecotourism in Ethiopia.


APA Eshetu, A.A. (2014). Development of community based ecotourism in Borena-Saynt National Park, North central Ethiopia: Opportunities and Challenges. Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism, 5(1), 1-12.
Chicago Amogne Asfaw Eshetu. "Development of community based ecotourism in Borena-Saynt National Park, North central Ethiopia: Opportunities and Challenges." Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism 5, no. 1 (2014): 1-12.
MLA Amogne Asfaw Eshetu. "Development of community based ecotourism in Borena-Saynt National Park, North central Ethiopia: Opportunities and Challenges." Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism 5.1 (2014): 1-12.

Subscription Form