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Article Number - 242780B57018


Vol.8(1), pp. 1-14 , January 2016
DOI: 10.5897/JLCR2015.0225
ISSN: 2006-9804



Review

Petroleum industry bill 2012 and the principle of vicarious liability of oil producing states and local government councils for sabotage of petroleum facilities: Resurrecting an old colonial policy in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria



Z. Adangor
  • Z. Adangor
  • Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, Rivers State University of Science and Technology (RSUST) Port Harcourt, PMB 5080 Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 18 October 2015  Accepted: 18 January 2016  Published: 31 January 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The Petroleum Industry Bill, (PIB) 2012 is designed to provide a comprehensive legal framework for the operation of the oil and gas industry in Nigeria.  In providing a framework for dealing with the environmental impacts of petroleum exploration and production, s.118 (5) of the PIB 2012 provides that where any act of vandalism, sabotage or other civil unrest occurs which causes damage to any petroleum facilities within a host community, the cost of repair of such facilities shall be paid from the Petroleum Host Community Fund established under section 116 of the Bill for the development of the economic and social infrastructure of the communities within the petroleum producing area unless it is established that no member of the community was responsible for the damage. Similarly, under section 293 of the bill, where the Downstream Regulatory Agency determines that a particular harm to the environment has been caused by sabotage of petroleum facilities within any of the oil producing states or local government, the cost of restoration and remediation shall be borne by the state governments and local governments within which the act occurred and the licensee or lessee shall be discharged of any liability in respect thereof. This study argues that the oil producing states and local government councils should not be held vicariously liable for acts of sabotage of petroleum facilities committed by unidentifiable third parties who obviously did not act as their agents. It is also argued that the principle of vicarious liability under the Bill smacks of an old colonial policy adopted by British Consuls in the Niger Delta of holding coastal communities liable for criminal acts committed by unidentifiable third parties against British interests.

Key words: Petroleum Industry Bill 2012, Niger Delta principle of vicarious liability.

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APA Adangor, Z. (2016). Petroleum industry bill 2012 and the principle of vicarious liability of oil producing states and local government councils for sabotage of petroleum facilities: Resurrecting an old colonial policy in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution, 8(1), 1-14.
Chicago Z. Adangor. "Petroleum industry bill 2012 and the principle of vicarious liability of oil producing states and local government councils for sabotage of petroleum facilities: Resurrecting an old colonial policy in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria." Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution 8, no. 1 (2016): 1-14.
MLA Z. Adangor. "Petroleum industry bill 2012 and the principle of vicarious liability of oil producing states and local government councils for sabotage of petroleum facilities: Resurrecting an old colonial policy in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria." Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution 8.1 (2016): 1-14.
   
DOI 10.5897/JLCR2015.0225
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JLCR/article-abstract/242780B57018

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