Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Subscribe to JMA
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 4E0D2019862

Vol.5(9), pp. 96-105 , September 2013
ISSN: 2141-2308

 Total Views: 0
 Downloaded: 0


Probiotics and controversies

Tahir Hussain

Atta ur Rahman School of Applied Biosciences, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan

Email: [email protected]

 Accepted: 04 September 2013  Published: 30 September 2013

Copyright © 2013 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

Probiotics are bacteria with potential health enhancing and curing effects and are generally used for treating various forms of diarrheal diseases. The increasing use of probiotics is getting controversial both in terms of efficacy and potential side effects, as there is no conclusive study on the optimal dose and product formulation of probiotics.  

Key words: Probiotics, living microorganisms, bacteria


Gaurner F, malagelada JR (2003). Gut flora in health and disease. Lancet. 361:512-519.
Sears CL (2005). A dynamic partnership: Celebrating our gut flora. Anaerobe. 11:247-251.
Morrow LE, Kollef MH (2008). Probiotics in the intensive care unit: why controversies and confusion abound. Critical Care12:160. Culligan EP, Hill C, Sleator RD (2009) .Probiotics and gastrointestinal disease: successes, problems and future prospects. Gut Pathogens 1:19.
Vyas U, Ranganathan N (2012). Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Synbiotics: Gut and Beyond. Gastroenterol. Res. Pract. Article ID 872716, 16 p.


APA (2013). Probiotics and controversies. Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials, 5(9), 96-105.
Chicago Tahir Hussain. "Probiotics and controversies." Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials 5, no. 9 (2013): 96-105.
MLA Tahir Hussain. "Probiotics and controversies." Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials 5.9 (2013): 96-105.

Subscription Form