Journal of Music and Dance
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Article Number - F75963457217


Vol.6(1), pp. 1-11 , January 2016
DOI: 10.5897/JMD2015.0035
ISSN: 2360-8579



Full Length Research Paper

Expressing joy through hip-hop dance steps: Focus on new jack swing



Noriyuki Kida
  • Noriyuki Kida
  • Kyoto Institute of Technology, Japan.
  • Google Scholar
Teruo Nomura
  • Teruo Nomura
  • Kyoto Institute of Technology, Japan.
  • Google Scholar
Rie Kojima*
  • Rie Kojima*
  • Graduate School of Materials and Life Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Japan.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 05 January 2015  Accepted: 22 July 2015  Published: 31 January 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


This study aimed to differentiate hip-hop dance steps based on whether joy was expressed and explained their movement features using three-dimensional motion analysis. Ten male and female participants (26.9 ± 12.8 years old) were instructed to perform an 80-second hip-hop dance, and the step performed after 60 s (new jack swing) was analyzed. Discriminant analysis was conducted, and the differences in the motion feature values were calculated by establishing 34 variables related to time and space. Furthermore, correlations between major joint sites that contributed to differentiation and other variables were calculated. The results revealed the following three points: The discriminant analysis, which was used to predict whether there was emotion, correctly classified cases at a rate of 70% or higher in four stages, which were motion phases. When the differences in motion features by intensity were identified in Phase 2—the phase with the highest correct classification rate—significant differences were found in the mean of the height in the shoulders, the speed of the left acromion, the speed of the capitellum of the left elbow joint, the speed of the center of the left wrist joint, the speed of the lateral condyle of the left femur, the speed of the right acromion, the speed of the capitellum of the right elbow joint, and the flexion angle of the upper torso. Under Strong Emotion, the speed of the left elbow joint and the speed of the center of the left wrist joint had the highest correlation (r = 0.92). Based on these results, we can conclude that it is possible to express joy through hip-hop dance, and, in the case of new jack swing, emotional expression is related mainly to the speed of the upper limbs.

Key words: Hip-hop dance, dance step, emotional expression.

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APA Kojima, R., Nomura, T., & Kida, N. (2016). Expressing joy through hip-hop dance steps: Focus on new jack swing. Journal of Music and Dance, 6(1), 1-11.
Chicago Rie Kojima, Teruo Nomura and Noriyuki Kida. "Expressing joy through hip-hop dance steps: Focus on new jack swing." Journal of Music and Dance 6, no. 1 (2016): 1-11.
MLA Rie Kojima, Teruo Nomura and Noriyuki Kida. "Expressing joy through hip-hop dance steps: Focus on new jack swing." Journal of Music and Dance 6.1 (2016): 1-11.
   
DOI 10.5897/JMD2015.0035
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JMD/article-abstract/F75963457217

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