Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis
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Article Number - 1E76C9558924


Vol.7(4), pp. 20-27 , May 2016
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2016.0122
ISSN: 2141-2618



Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence and associated risk factors of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C virus among volunteer blood donors in Arba Minch Blood Bank SNNPR, Ethiopia



Ayele Adato kabato
  • Ayele Adato kabato
  • SNNPR Health Bureau, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Gebru Mulugeta Weldearegay
  • Gebru Mulugeta Weldearegay
  • Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Addis Ababa University Collage of Health Sciences Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 22 February 2016  Accepted: 06 May 2016  Published: 31 May 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is major public health problems that affect million people worldwide and people who are infected assumed to develop liver cirrhosis or hepatocelular carcinoma. Screening of blood donors is essential for healthy and safe donation. A cross sectional study design was conducted among volunteer blood donors in Arba Minch blood bank from March 2015 to April 2015. A total of 359 volunteer blood donors who came to Arba Minch blood Bank were interviewed face to face, then data was collected by using structured and pre-tested questionnaire, and finally blood sample drown and tested for HBV and HCV by using ELISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay) technique. Descriptive statistics was calculated for most variables in the study. OR and 95% CI was used to assess the association. Prevalence of HBV and HCV among study participant was 4.7 and 0%, respectively. From 17 participants tested positive for HBV, 8 (47%) were males. The test positivity among male was 8/197 (4.1%) while among females was 9/162 (5.6%) and more than three forth participants tested positive were age less than 25. After multivariate analysis, when positivity was compared among study participants grouped based on average monthly income, participants earning 581-1,300 birr were 32.2% less likely to have infection than participants earning below 580 birr per month. (AOR = 0.322, 95%CI =0.108-0.961). Volunteer donors who exposed to unsafe therapeutic drug injection was 8(2.2%) and from those 3(37.5%) was positive for HBV. When compare to volunteers who did not exposed 14(4%), exposed donors 11 times increased risk of HBV infection. This was statistically significant (AOR = 11.090, p = 2.258-54.475). Prevalence HBV of among volunteer blood donors in Arbaminch Blood Bank was 4.7%. Low monthly income and using unsafe therapeutic injection were related to HBV infection.

Key words: Hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, volunteer blood donor.

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APA kabato, A. A., & Weldearegay, G. M. (2016). Prevalence and associated risk factors of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C virus among volunteer blood donors in Arba Minch Blood Bank SNNPR, Ethiopia. Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis, 7(4), 20-27.
Chicago Ayele Adato kabato and Gebru Mulugeta Weldearegay. "Prevalence and associated risk factors of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C virus among volunteer blood donors in Arba Minch Blood Bank SNNPR, Ethiopia." Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis 7, no. 4 (2016): 20-27.
MLA Ayele Adato kabato and Gebru Mulugeta Weldearegay. "Prevalence and associated risk factors of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C virus among volunteer blood donors in Arba Minch Blood Bank SNNPR, Ethiopia." Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis 7.4 (2016): 20-27.
   
DOI 10.5897/JMLD2016.0122
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JMLD/article-abstract/1E76C9558924

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