Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health
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Article Number - 841912767178


Vol.9(2), pp. 16-27 , December 2017
https://doi.org/10.5897/JNBH2017.0145
ISSN: 2141-2286


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Full Length Research Paper

Neuroprotective potential of Aframomum melegueta extracts on brain of monosodium glutamate-treated wistar albino rats



Fasakin, O. W.
  • Fasakin, O. W.
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Fajobi, A. O.
  • Fajobi, A. O.
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Oyedapo, O. O.
  • Oyedapo, O. O.
  • Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 06 February 2017  Accepted: 31 March 2017  Published: 31 December 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


The study evaluated the biochemical effects of methanolic seed extract of Aframomum melegueta (MEAM) on biochemical parameters of the brain of rats treated with monosodium glutamate (MSG) with a view to considering the possibility of using the plant as a remedy for the management of neurotoxic disorders. MEAM was prepared according to standard methods, phytochemically screened and followed by evaluation of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potentials as well as its biological activities. Phytochemical screening of the methanolic extract (ME) revealed the presence of alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, steroids, tannins and terpenoids. Administration of MSG (2 g/kg bwt) caused alterations in the levels of glutathione, nitric oxide, Vitamin C and E, as well as in the reduction of activities of enzymatic antioxidants. There were increases in the activities of brain marker enzymes, protein and peroxidation levels. Histopathological observations of brain sections revealed that MEAM protected the brain from glutamate-induced neurotoxicity. Conclusively, extract of A. melegueta elicited appreciable and potent neuroprotective potentials against neuro-degeneration caused by MSG oral administration, in a concentration dependent manner.

Key words: Neurotoxicity, Aframomum melegueta, methanolic extract, monosodium glutamate, antioxidant enzymes, neurotransmitters, brain biomarkers.

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APA Fasakin, O. W., Fajobi, A. O., & Oyedapo, O. O. (2017). Neuroprotective potential of Aframomum melegueta extracts on brain of monosodium glutamate-treated wistar albino rats. Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 9(2), 16-27.
Chicago Fasakin, O. W., Fajobi, A. O. and Oyedapo, O. O.. "Neuroprotective potential of Aframomum melegueta extracts on brain of monosodium glutamate-treated wistar albino rats." Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health 9, no. 2 (2017): 16-27.
MLA Fasakin, et al. "Neuroprotective potential of Aframomum melegueta extracts on brain of monosodium glutamate-treated wistar albino rats." Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health 9.2 (2017): 16-27.
   
DOI https://doi.org/10.5897/JNBH2017.0145
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JNBH/article-abstract/841912767178

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