Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health
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Article Number - CE2111256698


Vol.8(1), pp. 1-8 , January 2016
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2015.0134
ISSN: 2141-2286



Full Length Research Paper

Personality traits of in-patients with substance use disorders in a mental health facility in Nigeria



Onyencho, V. Chidi*
  • Onyencho, V. Chidi*
  • Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Ibrahim, A. Wakawa
  • Ibrahim, A. Wakawa
  • Mental Health Department, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri. Borno State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Pindar, S. Kwajaffa
  • Pindar, S. Kwajaffa
  • Mental Health Department, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri. Borno State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Duwap Makput
  • Duwap Makput
  • Psychiatric Department, University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Mshelia, A. Ali
  • Mshelia, A. Ali
  • Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Rabbebe B. Isa
  • Rabbebe B. Isa
  • Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Yerima, M. Mukhtar
  • Yerima, M. Mukhtar
  • Mental Health Department, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri. Borno State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Baba, A. Karatu
  • Baba, A. Karatu
  • Department of Psychology, Federal University, Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 07 October 2015  Accepted: 21 November 2015  Published: 30 January 2016

Copyright © 2016 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


Substance abuse is a multi-etiological, multi-dimensional and a worldwide problem with an alarming increase in its incidences. This study aimed to evaluate the patterns of use of psychoactive substances and to assess the predominant personality traits among the participants. This cross-sectional study used a purposive sampling technique to examined in-patients with substance abuse problem in a psychiatric facility in Maiduguri. One hundred and four (98.1%) males and (1.9%) females with mean age (x) of 31.1 years and SD (± 7.5) participated in the study. The study revealed cigarette (stimulant) as the most current substance of abuse 74.0%, cannabis (hallucinogen) 71.1%, opiates 69.2% and depressants 60.5%. Additionally, 87.5% of the participants used multiple psychoactive substances. Lastly, 90.4% of the participants’ scores were above the mean on Neuroticism, 73.1% on Psychoticism and 55.8% on Extraversion measures. High scores on the three dimensions of personality traits (Psychoticism, Extraversion and Neuroticism) have significant associations to psychoactive substance abuse. The study, therefore, recommend the incorporation of personality assessment in the routine work up and management of patients with substance abuse problems.
 
Key words: Substance abuse, personality traits, patterns of use, in-patients, mental health facility. 

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APA Onyencho, V. C., Ibrahim, A. W., Pindar, S. K., Duwap, M., Mshelia, A. A., Isa, R. B. Yerima, M. M., & Baba, A. K. (2016). Personality traits of in-patients with substance use disorders in a mental health facility in Nigeria. Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health, 8(1), 1-8.
Chicago Onyencho, V. Chidi, Ibrahim, A. Wakawa, Pindar, S. Kwajaffa,  Duwap Makput, Mshelia, A. Ali, Rabbebe B. Isa, Yerima, M. Mukhtar and Baba, A. Karatu. "Personality traits of in-patients with substance use disorders in a mental health facility in Nigeria." Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health 8, no. 1 (2016): 1-8.
MLA Onyencho, et al. "Personality traits of in-patients with substance use disorders in a mental health facility in Nigeria." Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health 8.1 (2016): 1-8.
   
DOI 10.5897/JNBH2015.0134
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JNBH/article-abstract/CE2111256698

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