Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research
Subscribe to JPAPR
Full Name*
Email Address*

Article Number - 60D649047655


Vol.6(4), pp. 90-101 , October 2014
DOI: 10.5897/JPAPR2014.0284
ISSN: 2141-2480



Full Length Research Paper

The changing global Public Administration and its theoretical and practical implications for Africa



Dominique E. Uwizeyimana
  • Dominique E. Uwizeyimana
  • Department of Public Management and Governance, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Kealeboga J. Maphunye
  • Kealeboga J. Maphunye
  • Department of Political Sciences, University of South Africa, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar







 Received: 24 April 2014  Accepted: 08 September 2014  Published: 31 October 2014

Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


‘Classical’ public administration theories, principles and paradigms continually fascinate scholars given their relevance to government practices especially in Africa. As used here, ‘public administration’ (in lower case) denotes government activities whereas ‘Public Administration’, often associated with Woodrow Wilson’s renowned 1887 essay, refers to the subject matter. However, New Public Management (NPM) dominated Public Administration from the 1970s-1990s when it was replaced by ‘Governance’. This article examines Public Administration theory, practice and related theories and how the centuries-old discipline developed from their introduction, interpretation and application in the public sector during each era. It will conclude that these developments have had mixed consequences for Africa, on which the article focuses, owing largely to the effect of colonialism on the continent’s public administration. Using the selected examples of African countries’ experiences, this article relies on a qualitative and literature analysis of the issues discussed. Africa, like other ‘Third World’ or developing regions, is largely perceived as a consumer of the mostly western-dominated or inclined Public Administration, New Public Management and governance models which it inherited primarily through colonialism.

Key words: Public administration theory, new public management, governance, Africa.

Aberbach JD, Putnam RD, Rockman BA (1981). Bureaucrats and Politicians in Western Democracies. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

AFDB (2011). Agreement establishing the African Development Bank, 2011 Edition, available online at http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Legal-Documents/Agreement%20Establishing%20the%20ADB%20final%202011.pdf

 

Alesch DJ, Petak WJ (2001). Overcoming obstacles to implementing Earthquake hazard mitigation policies. Paper presented at first annual iiasa-dpri4 meeting integrated disaster risk management reducing socio-economic vulnerability IIASA Laxenburg, Austria. 1 - 4 august 2001. Available at http://www.iiasa.ac.at/Research/RMS/dpri2001/Papers/petak.ps

 

Alidu S, Ame R (2012). Civil Society Activism and the Ghanaian National Reconciliation Commission: The case of the Civil Society Coalition on National Reconciliation. Transitional Justice Rev, 1(1):104-136.

 

Arowolo D (2010). The Effect of Western Civilization and Culture in Africa, Afro Asian J. Soc. Sci. 1(1):1-19.

 

Baird M (2004). The global influence of the New Public Management: Case Studies from Africa, Masters programme for Public Administration: Villanova University.

 

Bala A, Alibali R (2010). The impact of new public management in public administration reform of albania, http://www.dukagjinicollege.eu/libri3/075-080_Bala_Adisa_&_Alibali_Rozafa.pdf (accessed 22 August 2013).

 

Basheka BC (2012). The paradigms of public administration re-examined: a reflection. J. Public Adm. 47(1): 25-87.

 

Basu R (2009). Public Administration: Concepts and Theories, New York: Sterling Publishers.

 

Batley R (2004). The politics of Service delivery reforms. Institute of social studies: Oxford University.

 

Bhatta G (2003). Post-NPM Themes In Public Sector Governance, Working Paper No.17, http://www.ssc.govt.nz/upload/downloadable_files/Post-NPM_Themes_In_Public_Sector_Governance.pdf

 

Björkman JW (2003). Health Sector Reforms Measures, Muddles & Mires, Institute of Social Studies & University of Leiden . Public Health Management & Policy. 11th NISPAcee Conference. Bucharest, Romania. 10-12 April 2003.

 

Boafo-Arthur K (1999). Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) in Ghana: Interrogating PNDG's Implementation. Interrogating PNDC's Implementation," West Africa Rev. (1.1):1-19.

 

Botes PS, Brynard PA, Fourie DJ, Roux NL (1997). Public Administration and Management: A Guide to Central, Regional, and Municipal Administration and Management. Second edition, Pretoria: Kagiso Tertiary.

 

Cajvaneanu D (2011). A Genealogy of Government. On Governance, Transparency and Partnership in the European Union, A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy, School of international studies, University of Trento.

 

Chowdhury N, Skarstedt CE (2005). The Principle of Good Governance, A Legal Working Paper in the Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL) "Recent Developments in International Law Related to Sustainable Development" Series.

 

Cloete F, Wissink H (2000). Improving Public Policy, Van Schaik: Publishers, Pretoria.

 

Clover J, Miriri D, Liffey K (2013). Rwanda opposition party to sit out vote after late registration, http://news.yahoo.com/rwanda-opposition-party-sit-vote-registration-181549499.html (accessed 13/08/2013).

 

Coetzee WAJ (2012). Public Administration: South African Introductory Perspective (9th edition), Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.

 

Common R (2001). Public management and policy transfer in South Asia, London: Ashgate Publishing.

 

Cooper PJ, Brady LP, Hidalgo-Hardeman O, Hyde A, Naff KC, Ott JS, White H(1998). Public administration for the twenty-first century, Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace.

 

Costanzo J (2014). Scientific Management - F.W Taylor, http://prezi.com/js2ptrx1cdle/scientific-management-fw-taylor/

 

Da-ino R (2006). The Legal Aspects of the World Bank's Work on Human Rights, Development Outreach (3):30-32.

 

Davids I, Theron F, Maphunye KJ (2005). Participatory development in South Africa: A development management perspective, Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.

 

ECA (2003). Public sector management reforms in Africa, Addis Ababa: Economic Commission for Africa.

 

Fox W, Meyer I (1995). Public Administration Dictionary, Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.

 

Fox W, Schwella E, Wissink H (2000). Public Management. Kenwyn: Juta & Co. Ltd.

 

Goodnow FJ (1900). Politics and Administration: A study in government, New York: Russell & Russell.

 

Grindle M (2010). Good Governance: The Inflation of an Idea: HKS

 

Faculty Research Working Paper Series June 2010, available at: http://www.hks.harvard.edu/var/ezp_site/storage/fckeditor/file/pdfs/centers-programs/centers/cid/publications/faculty/wp/202.pdf

 

Gruening G (2001). Origin and theoretical basis of New Public Management, International Public Management Journal (4): 1-25.
Crossref

 

Grusky S (2001). Privatization Tidal wave, IMF/WB water policies and the price paid by the poor. Bearing the burden of IMF/World Bank Policies. Multinational Monitor: 22((9).

 

Gulick LH (1936). Notes on the Theory of Organization, L. Gulick & L. Urwick (Eds.), Papers on the Science of Administration New York: Institute of Public Administration pp.3-35.

 

Heady F (1984). Public Administration: A Comparative Perspective, New York: Marcel Dekker.

 

Hofstede G (1978). The Poverty of Management Control Philosophy: European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management. Acad. Manage. Rev. (3):450-461.
Crossref
 

 

Hope KR (2003). The UNECA and good governance in Africa, Harvard Presentation at the International Conference, 4-5 April, Boston, Massachusetts.

 

Hyde AC, Shafritz JM (2012). Classics of Public Administration. Wadsworth Cengage Learning: Boston.

 

Ibrahim A (2012). Is New Public Management Irrelevant to Developing Countries? Available at http://www.e-ir.info/2012/10/19/is-new-public-management-irrelevant-to-developing-countries/

 

Kamoche K (2002). "Introduction: human resource management in Africa", Int. J. Human Res. Manage.7(13):993-997.
Crossref

 

Kent-Brown D, Roux N (2003). Foreign policy: a study in public administration, J. Public Adm. 2(38).

 

Kessler T, Alexander N (2003). Vanishing Acts: How downsizing Government "contracting out'' water and electricity services: Citizens Network on Essential services (CNES). Maryland-USA.

 

Knott JH (2003). Formal Theory and Public Administration, in Peters, B.-G. and Pierre, J. (Eds.) Handbook of Public Administration, New Delhi: SAGE, pp.138-148.
Crossref

 

Lægreid P (2000). Top civil servants under contracts, Public Adm. 4(78):879-896.
Crossref

 

Levy BD (2002). "Patterns of governance in Africa," Africa Region Working Paper Series (36): September.

 

Locke EA (1982). The Ideas of Frederick W. Taylor: An Evaluation. Acad. Manage. Rev. 1(7):14-24.
Crossref

 

Lodge M, Gill D (2011. Toward a New Era of Administrative Reform? The Myth of Post-NPM in New Zealand, Governance 1(24):141–166.
Crossref

 

Lungu GF (1986). In praise of administrative theory, J. Public Adm. 3(21):126-133.

 

Maldonado N (2010). The World Bank's evolving concept of good governance and its impact on human rights. Doctoral workshop on development and international organizations, Stockholm, Sweden, May 29-30.

 

Manning N (2001). The legacy of the New Public Management in developing countries. Int. Rev. Adm. Sci. (67):297-312.
Crossref

 

Maphunye KJ (2003). "Unethical conduct, maladministration/mismanagement in south Africa's contemporary civil service: Daunting challenges to management?" Paper presented at the WISER Seminar, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 22 May.

 

Maphunye KJ (2011). "The Relevance of the Developmental State Model to South Africa's and Botswana's Public Services." Paper presented at the 11th Annual Conference of the South African Association of Public Administration and Management, January, Colloseum Hotel Conference Centre, Pretoria, South Africa. 16-18.

 

Matland RE (1995). Synthesising the implementation literature: An ambiguity-Conflict Model of policy implementation. J. Policy Adm. Res. Theory 5(2): 145-174. http://jpart.oxfordjournals.org/content/5/2/145.abstract

 

Mindtools (n.d.). Frederick Taylor and Scientific Management: Understanding Taylorism and Early Management Theory, http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMM_Taylor.htm

 

Mongkol K (2011). The Critical Review of New Public Management Model and its Criticisms. Res. J. Bus. Manage. 5:35-43.
Crossref

 

Mutahaba G, Kiragu K (2004). Lessons of International and African perspectives on Public Service Reforms: Examples from Five African countries. Afr. Dev. 27(3&4):48-75. http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/IDEP/UNPAN016336.pdf

 

Nasrullah AM (2005). From Public Administration to New Public Management: Pakistan J. Soc. Sci. 3(1):197-204.

 

Ndjoze-Ojo BR (2008). Towards African Integration through Language: A Pan-African Perspective Juxtaposed within the African Renaissance. Pan-Africanism/African nationalism: strengthening the unity of Africa and its diaspora, 159.

 

Noordhoek P, Saner R (2004). Beyond New Public Management: answering the claims of both politics and society. IX Congreso Internacional del CLAD sobre la Reforma del Estado y de la Administración Pública, Madrid, Espa-a, Nov. Documento Libre. 2-5.

 

Noordhoek P, Saner R (2005). Beyond New Public Management: Answering the Claims of Both Politics and Society. Public Organization Review: A Global J. 5:35–53.

 

Olowu D (2003). The Crisis in African Public Administration, in Peters, B.-G. and Pierre, J. (Eds.) (2003) Handbook of Public Administration, New Delhi: SAGE pp.503-522.

 

Ormond D, Loffler E (2002). New Public Management: What to take and what to leave. http://old.clad.org/portal/publicaciones-del-clad/revista-clad-reforma-democracia/articulos/013-febrero-1999/new-public-management-what-to-take-and-what-to-leave

 

Osei PD (2002). Regulation in a flux: the development of regulatory Institutions for Public utilities in Ghana and Jamaica. SALISES, UWI, Mona. Caribbean Development Bank: Barbados, W.I. Available at http://www.caribank.org/uploads/publications-reports/research/conference-papers/development-strategy-forum/Regulation%20in%20a%20Flux.pdf

 

Palacio A (2006). The Way Forward: Human Rights and the World Bank, Article on the World Bank Development Outreach, World Bank Institute, October.

 

Peters BG, Pierre J (Eds.) (2003). Handbook of Public Administration, New Delhi: SAGE.

 

Polidano C (1999). The new public management in developing countries. Institute for Development Policy and Management.

 

Pollitt C, Bouckaert G (2000). Public Management Reform. A Comparative Analysis, New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Shafritz JM, Hyde AC (2004). Classics of Public Administration, 6th Edition: Florence: KY, Thompson Wadsworth.

 

Sheeran S, Rodley N (2014). Routledge Handbook of International Human Rights Law, New York: Routledge.

 

Steward J, Walsh K (1992). Change in the management of public services in "Public Administration'': Oxford Blackwell (70):511.

 

Tangri R (1999). The Politics, Parastatals Privatisation and Private Enterprises of Patronage in Africa, Kampala: Fountain Publishers.

 

Thoenig JC (2003). Institutional Theories and Public Institutions: Traditions and Appropriateness, In: Peters, B.-G. and Pierre, J. (Eds.) (2003) Handbook of Public Administration, New Delhi: SAGE pp.127-137.

 

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (1997). Reconceptualising Governance: Discussion Paper 2. New York: UNDP.

 

University of Mumbai (n.d.). Changing nature of public administration, http://www.mu.ac.in/myweb_test/SYBA%20Study%20Material/pol_sc-III.pdf

 

Uwizeyimana DE (2006). A Critical Assessment of the New Public Management Principles in the Sub-Saharan Africa Context, Mini-Thesis submitted at the University of Cape Town, http://books.google.co.za/books?id=5sW5NwAACAAJ

 

Uwizeyimana DE (2008). The New Public Management (NPM) in the Sub-Saharan African Context. Berlin: LAP Lambert Acad. Publ.

 

Uwizeyimana DE (2011). The effects of party-political interests on policy implementation effectiveness: Low-cost housing allocation in Cape Town-UniCity, 1994-2008: PhD Thesis submitted at the University of Johannesburg. https://ujdigispace.uj.ac.za/handle/10210/5159

 

Uwizeyimana DE (2012). Democracy and pretend democracies in Africa: Myths of African democracies; Law Democracy Dev. (16):139-161.

 

Uwizeyimana DE (2013). The politics-administration dichotomy: Was Woodrow Wilson misunderstood or misquoted? J. US-China Public Adm. 10(2):165-173.

 

Uwizeyimana DE (2014). International Donors' obliviousness to human rights violations and lack of democracy in their disbursement of aid: a case of post-genocide Rwanda, J. Asian Afr. Stud. 1-17, Available online: http://jas.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/09/02/0021909614547601.refs.html
Crossref

 

Waine B (2004). Regulation and Inspection of Adult Social Care Services-baseline study. Department of Health and Social Care. London: Royal Holloway University of London.

 

Wallis J, Dollery B (2001). "Appropriateness of the New Zealand model for public sector reform in developing countries", World Dev. 2(29):245-263.
Crossref

 

Wamalwa WN (1986).The political environment of public administration and management in Africa, in African Association of Public Administration and Management (AAPAM), New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House pp.59-81.

 

Wilson W (1887). The Study of Public Administration', Polit. Sci. Q. (2):481-507.

 

World Bank (n.d) IBRD Articles of Agreement, http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTABOUTUS/0,,contentMDK:20049557~menuPK:63000601~pagePK:34542~piPK:36600~theSitePK:29708,00.html

 

Wren DA, Bedeian AG, Breeze JD (2002). The foundations of Henri Fayol's administrative theory, Manage. Decis. 40(9):906-918.
Crossref

 


APA Uwizeyimana, D. E., & Maphunye, K. J. (2014). The changing global Public Administration and its theoretical and practical implications for Africa. Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research, 6(4), 90-101.
Chicago Dominique E. Uwizeyimana and Kealeboga J. Maphunye. "The changing global Public Administration and its theoretical and practical implications for Africa." Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research 6, no. 4 (2014): 90-101.
MLA Dominique E. Uwizeyimana and Kealeboga J. Maphunye. "The changing global Public Administration and its theoretical and practical implications for Africa." Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research 6.4 (2014): 90-101.
   
DOI 10.5897/JPAPR2014.0284
URL http://academicjournals.org/journal/JPAPR/article-abstract/60D649047655

Subscription Form